Quick answer
"Wilt" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "marchitarse", and "wither" is an intransitive verb which is also often translated as "marchitarse". Learn more about the difference between "wilt" and "wither" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to become limp)
a. marchitarse
This past summer was so hot that many of the plants in the yard started to wilt.Este verano pasado fue tan caliente que muchas de las plantas en el patio comenzaron a marchitarse.
We have to water the garden or all the plants will wilt.Tenemos que regar el jardín o todas las plantas se van a marchitar.
2. (to lose strength)
a. debilitarse
Juan seemed to be wilting in his hospital bed from his long illness.Juan parecía debilitarse en su cama de hospital por su larga enfermedad.
3. (to lose vigor)
a. languidecer
The project wilted due to the economic crisis.El proyecto languideció a raíz de la cris económica.
b. desanimarse
Take a break if you need to. There's no point in wilting under all this pressure.Toma una pausa si la necesitas No sirve para nada desanimarte con toda esta presión.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to make limp)
a. marchitar
The drought and the hot sun wilted all the flowers outside.La sequía y el sol ardiente marchitaron todas las flores de afuera.
5. (to make weak)
a. debilitar
Wearing a cast for months atrophied my muscles and wilted my arm.Traer yeso durante unos meses atrofió mis músculos y me debilitó el brazo.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to shrivel)
a. marchitarse
The drought and the excessive heat caused all the flowers in the garden to wither.La sequía y el calor excesivo hicieron que las flores del jardín se marchitaran.
2. (to atrophy)
a. atrofiarse
My muscles withered because my arm was in a cast for two weeks. Now I need physical therapy.Los músculos se me atrofiaron porque tuve yeso durante dos semanas. Ahora necesito fisioterapia.
b. debilitarse
My brother's pneumonia seemed to make him wither and get sicker.La neumonía de mi hermano pareció lo hizo debilitarse y enfermarse aún más.
3. (to vanish)
a. desvanecerse
All my hopes of winning the scholarship withered when I found out Diego got higher grades than I did.Todas mis esperanzas de ganar la beca se devanecieron cuando me enteré de que Diego tuvo mejores calificaciones que yo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to cause to shrivel)
a. marchitar
The weed killer withered the dandelions that were taking over the garden.El herbicida marchitó los dientes de león que invadían el jardín.
5. (to cause to atrophy)
a. atrofiar
Lack of use from being in a hospital bed withered my leg muscles.La falta de uso por estar en una cama de hospital me atrofió los músculos de las piernas.
6. (to affect adversely)
a. debilitar
News of the politician's involvement with bribery withered his crediibility.Las noticias de la participación del político en el soborno debilitaron su credibilidad.
7. (to abash)
a. fulminar
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
When my brother spoke out of turn, our mother withered him with a look and he shut up instantly.Cuando mi hermano habló fuera de tono, nuestra madre lo fulminó con una mirada y él se calló al instante.
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