Quick answer
"Wilt" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "marchitarse", and "shrivel" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "marchitar". Learn more about the difference between "wilt" and "shrivel" below.
wilt(
wihlt
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to become limp)
a. marchitarse
This past summer was so hot that many of the plants in the yard started to wilt.Este verano pasado fue tan caliente que muchas de las plantas en el patio comenzaron a marchitarse.
We have to water the garden or all the plants will wilt.Tenemos que regar el jardín o todas las plantas se van a marchitar.
2. (to lose strength)
a. debilitarse
Juan seemed to be wilting in his hospital bed from his long illness.Juan parecía debilitarse en su cama de hospital por su larga enfermedad.
3. (to lose vigor)
a. languidecer
The project wilted due to the economic crisis.El proyecto languideció a raíz de la cris económica.
b. desanimarse
Take a break if you need to. There's no point in wilting under all this pressure.Toma una pausa si la necesitas No sirve para nada desanimarte con toda esta presión.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to make limp)
a. marchitar
The drought and the hot sun wilted all the flowers outside.La sequía y el sol ardiente marchitaron todas las flores de afuera.
5. (to make weak)
a. debilitar
Wearing a cast for months atrophied my muscles and wilted my arm.Traer yeso durante unos meses atrofió mis músculos y me debilitó el brazo.
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shrivel
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to cause to wither)
a. marchitar
The fierce sun withered the crops before they could develop.El sol intenso marchitó los cultivos antes de que pudieran desarrollarse.
b. secar
Botrytis withers the grapes, leaving them sweeter.La botritis seca la uva, dejándola más dulce.
2. (to form wrinkles in)
a. arrugar
Age had withered the beautiful face I remembered.El paso de los años había arrugado la cara tan bella que guardaba en el recuerdo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to wither)
a. marchitarse
All my beautiful plants had withered and died from lack of water.Todas mi bellas plantas se habían marchitado y habían muerto por falta de agua.
b. secarse
Direct sunlight will cause the leaves to wither.La luz directa del sol hará que se sequen las hojas.
4. (to wrinkle)
a. arrugarse
The skin of the peppers will blister and wither under the broiler.La piel de los pimentones se ampollará y se arrugará en el grill.
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