Quick answer
"Widening" is a form of "widen", a transitive verb which is often translated as "ensanchar". "Enlargement" is a noun which is often translated as "la ampliación". Learn more about the difference between "widening" and "enlargement" below.
widen(
way
-
den
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make wider)
a. ensanchar
There will be hold-ups for some months while they're widening the freeway.Habrá retenciones durante unos meses mientras ensanchan la autopista.
2. (to broaden)
a. ampliar
We have widened the scope of the study to include children born after 1990.Hemos ampliado el campo de estudio para incluir a niños nacidos después de 1990.
b. extender
Join a club and widen your circle of friends.Hazte socio de algún club y extiende tu círculo de amistades.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to become wider)
a. ensancharse
It's easier to cross where the river widens and the land is flatter.Es más fácil cruzar donde se ensancha el río y el terreno es más llano.
4. (to broaden)
a. aumentar
After this latest disagreement, the gap between the liberal and conservative wing of the party has widened.Tras este último desacuerdo, aumentó la brecha entre el ala liberal y el ala conservadora del partido.
5. (to open)
a. ponerse como platos (eyes)
Olga's eyes widened when the rock star walked into the room.Al entrar la estrella de rock en la sala, los ojos de Olga se pusieron como platos.
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enlargement
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (expansion)
a. la ampliación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The architect's starting the enlargement of Bernard's house this summer.El arquitecto empezará la ampliación de la casa de Bernard este verano.
b. el aumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Meg's agent told her she should look into breast enlargement, so she fired him.El agente de Meg le dijo que debería averiguar sobre el aumento de senos, así que lo despidió.
2. (photography)
a. la ampliación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The photo is of such low resolution that an enlargement that size is going to look really bad.La foto es de resolución tan baja que una ampliación de ese tamaño saldrá muy mal.
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