Quick answer
"Whole" is an adjective which is often translated as "todo", and "all" is an adjective which is also often translated as "todo". Learn more about the difference between "whole" and "all" below.
whole(
hol
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (entire)
a. todo
He wrote the whole story.Escribió toda la historia.
b. entero
She devoured the whole pizza and then passed out on the couch.Ella devoró la pizza entera y luego se quedó dormida en el sofá.
2. (intact)
a. entero
The kids just swallowed the cookies whole, without even bothering to chew.Los niños se tragaron las galletas enteras, aun sin haberlas masticado.
b. integral (culinary)
My sister despises additives and will only eat whole foods.Mi hermana menosprecia los aditivos y solo come alimentos integrales.
3. (used to emphasize)
a. todo
I didn't understand anything they were saying the whole meeting!¡No entendí nada de lo que decían durante toda la reunión!
b. único
The whole point of having this chicken is so that it will lay eggs for us.La única razón que tenemos esta gallina es para que nos ponga huevos.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (entirety)
a. la totalidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The whole of the class will participate.La totalidad de la clase participará.
b. el todo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Each player on the team helped make a whole that was greater than the sum of its parts.Cada jugador del equipo ayudó a crear un todo que era más que la suma de sus partes.
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all(
al
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (the total amount of)
a. todo
I dumped out all the water in the kiddie pool.Tiré toda el agua de la piscinita.
2. (each and every one of)
a. todos
All my friends are here with me.Todos mis amigos están aquí conmigo.
3. (any)
a. alguno
He denied all interest in running the race.Negó tener interés alguno en participar en la carrera.
4. (nothing but)
a. puro
That shirt is all silk.Esa camisa es de pura seda.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
5. (the total amount)
a. todo (masculine)
There isn't any glue left. Did you use it all?No queda pegamento. ¿Lo usaste todo?
b. toda (feminine)
And the soup? - Sorry, I ate it all.¿Y la sopa? - Lo siento, me la comí toda.
6. (each and every one)
a. todos (masculine)
There was graffiti saying, "Liberty and justice for all."Había una pintada que decía: "Libertad y justicia para todos".
b. todas (feminine)
Don't worry, ladies, there's plenty for all. No need to push.No se preocupen, señoras, hay suficiente para todas. No hace falta empujar.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I proved that all of you were lying.He probado que todos estaban mintiendo.
The child picked up all of his toys from the floor.El niño recogió todos sus juguetes del suelo.
7. (the only thing)
a. lo único que
All I want is peace and quiet.Lo único que quiero es paz y tranquilidad.
b. todo lo que
All you have to do is put the pizza in the oven and eat it.Todo lo que tienes que hacer es meter la pizza en el horno y comértela.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (entirely)
a. todo
The floor is all clean now.Ahora el suelo está todo limpio.
b. por completo
Are you all finished?¿Ya terminaste por completo?
9. (sport)
a. empatado
The match finished three-all after 90 minutes.El partido acabó empatados a tres tras 90 minutos.
b. iguales (tennis)
The score was 15-all.El marcador era 15 iguales.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
10. (effort)
a. el todo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He gave his all for the cause.Le dio el todo a la causa.
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