Quick answer
"Whoever" is a pronoun which is often translated as "quien", and "whomever" is a pronoun which is often translated as "quienquiera". Learn more about the difference between "whoever" and "whomever" below.
whoever(
hu
-
eh
-
vuhr
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (the person who)
a. quien
Whoever stole my laptop is going to be in big trouble.Quien se haya robado mi laptop se va a meter en problemas.
2. (no matter who)
a. quienquiera
Whoever comes to the party will receive a book of stickers.Quienquiera que venga a la fiesta recibirá un librito de pegatinas.
b. sea quien sea
Whoever becomes the next governor will have a tough job.Sea quien sea el próximo gobernador tendrá un trabajo difícil.
c. quien sea
Whoever you ask will tell you that it's the best restaurant in town.A quien sea que se lo preguntes, te dirá que es el mejor restaurante de la ciudad.
3. (in questions)
a. quién
Whoever could be calling at this ungodly hour?¿Quién podría estar llamando a esta hora intempestiva?
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(a person not specified)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I saw my ex downtown with her new boyfriend, Keith or whoever.Vi a mi ex en el centro con su nuevo novio, Keith o quien sea.
When you get to our office, talk to the secretary or whoever.Cuando llegues a la oficina, habla con la secretaria o con alguien.
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whomever
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(general)
a. quienquiera
You are free to sell the land to whomever.Usted es libre de vender el terreno a quienquiera.
b. cualquiera
You can ask whomever you desire. They will all give you the same answer.Puede preguntar a cualquiera que desee. Todos le darán la misma respuesta.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The directors can offer the contract to whomever they decide.Los directores pueden ofrecer el contrato a quien decidan.
Whomever you gave the ring to is guilty of receiving stolen goods.A quien sea que le hayas dado el anillo, esa persona es culpable de recibir un artículo robado.
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