Quick answer
"Whichever" is a pronoun which is often translated as "cualquiera", and "whenever" is a conjunction which is often translated as "siempre que". Learn more about the difference between "whichever" and "whenever" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (no matter which)
a. cualquiera
Can I have a piece of candy? - Sure! You can take whichever you like.¿Puedo tomar un caramelo? - ¡Claro! Puedes tomar cualquiera que te guste.
2. (any one that)
a. el que (when referring to a masculine noun)
Whichever you buy will work for our purposes. Just make up your mind!El que compres servirá nuestro propósito. ¡Solo decídete de una vez!
b. la que (when referring to a feminine noun)
Which jacket should I buy? - Buy whichever you like more.¿Cuál chaqueta me debería comprar? - Compra la que te guste más.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (no matter which)
a. cualquiera que sea el...que (when referring to a masculine noun)
Whichever road you take, you'll end up at the beach.Cualquiera que sea el camino que tomes, acabarás en la playa.
b. cualquiera que sea la...que (when referring to a feminine noun)
Whichever time you choose, please be on time.Cualquiera que sea la hora que elija, por favor sea puntual.
4. (any one that)
a. el...que (when referring to a masculine noun)
You can use whichever hammer you prefer.Puedes usar el martillo que prefieras.
b. la...que (when referring to a feminine noun)
Make sure you thoroughly practice whatever song you're going to peform.Asegúrate de practicar a fondo la canción que vayas a interpretar.
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A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (every time that)
a. siempre que
Whenever we go to family reunions, we have lots of fun. Siempre que vamos a las reuniones familiares, nos divertimos mucho.
b. cada vez que
The cat purrs whenever you touch it.El gato ronronea cada vez que lo tocas.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (at whatever time)
a. cuando quiera
She can stop by my house whenever.Ella puede pasar por mi casa cuando quiera.
b. cuando sea
We can visit your parents whenever. It doesn't have to be this weekend.Podemos visitar a tus padres cuando sea. No tiene que ser este fin de semana.
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