Quick answer
"Whichever" is a pronoun which is often translated as "cualquiera", and "however" is an adverb which is often translated as "sin embargo". Learn more about the difference between "whichever" and "however" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (no matter which)
a. cualquiera
Can I have a piece of candy? - Sure! You can take whichever you like.¿Puedo tomar un caramelo? - ¡Claro! Puedes tomar cualquiera que te guste.
2. (any one that)
a. el que (when referring to a masculine noun)
Whichever you buy will work for our purposes. Just make up your mind!El que compres servirá nuestro propósito. ¡Solo decídete de una vez!
b. la que (when referring to a feminine noun)
Which jacket should I buy? - Buy whichever you like more.¿Cuál chaqueta me debería comprar? - Compra la que te guste más.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (no matter which)
a. cualquiera que sea el...que (when referring to a masculine noun)
Whichever road you take, you'll end up at the beach.Cualquiera que sea el camino que tomes, acabarás en la playa.
b. cualquiera que sea la...que (when referring to a feminine noun)
Whichever time you choose, please be on time.Cualquiera que sea la hora que elija, por favor sea puntual.
4. (any one that)
a. el...que (when referring to a masculine noun)
You can use whichever hammer you prefer.Puedes usar el martillo que prefieras.
b. la...que (when referring to a feminine noun)
Make sure you thoroughly practice whatever song you're going to peform.Asegúrate de practicar a fondo la canción que vayas a interpretar.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (nevertheless)
a. sin embargo
I like listening to music; however, I don't like going to concerts.Me gusta escuchar música; sin embargo, no me gusta ir a conciertos.
b. no obstante
I love reading; however, I don't like non-fiction books.Me encanta leer; no obstante, no me gustan los libros factuales.
2. (no matter how)
a. sin importar
However hard it is, I choose to forgive.Sin importar lo duro que sea, elijo perdonar.
b. por
However cold it is, I'm going to go running.Por mucho frío que haga, voy a salir a correr.
3. (how)
a. cómo
However did you get there?¿Cómo llegaste ahí?
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
4. (as)
a. como
Do your hair however you like.Péinate como tú quieras.
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