Quick answer
"Whereas" is a conjunction which is often translated as "mientras que", and "as long as" is a phrase which is often translated as "siempre y cuando". Learn more about the difference between "whereas" and "as long as" below.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (while)
a. mientras que
I like the ocean, whereas my sister likes the forest.Me gusta el mar, mientras que a mi hermana le gusta el bosque.
2. (taking into account)
a. considerando que
Whereas the defendant has demonstrated remorse, he is eligible for early parole.Considerando que el acusado ha demostrado remordimiento, es elegible para libertad condicional.
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as long as(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (provided that)
a. siempre y cuando
As long as you finish your homework, you can go out to play.Siempre y cuando termines tu tarea, puedes salir a jugar.
b. siempre que
I don't care where we live as long as we're together.No me importa dónde vivimos, siempre que estemos juntos.
c. con tal de que
She accepts everyone's opinion, as long as they agree with her.Acepta la opinión de todos, con tal de que estén de acuerdo con ella.
2. (while)
a. mientras
I'm not leaving the house as long as it's raining.No salgo de casa mientras esté lloviendo.
3. (since)
a. puesto que
As long as you are going to the store, can you bring me some milk?Puesto que vas a la tienda, ¿me puedes traer leche?
4. (measurement)
a. tan largo como (length)
I saw a crocodile as long as a car in Egypt.Vi un cocodrilo tan largo como un coche en Egipto.
b. el tiempo que (time)
You can stay as long as you want.Te puedes quedar el tiempo que quieras.
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