Quick answer
"Where" is an adverb which is often translated as "dónde", and "if so" is a phrase which is often translated as "si es así". Learn more about the difference between "where" and "if so" below.
where(
wehr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in questions)
a. dónde
Where do you live?¿Dónde vives?
b. adónde
Where is this train headed?¿Adónde va este tren?
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
2. (used to indicate location)
a. donde
This is the village where I spent my vacation.Este es el pueblo donde pasé las vacaciones.
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if so(
ihf
 
so
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. si es así
Do you like music? If so, what kind?¿Te gusta la música? Si es así, ¿de qué tipo?
b. de ser así
I think I see Jeff over there. - If so, you should go talk to him.Creo que veo a Jeff allí. - De ser así, deberías ir a hablar con él.
c. en tal caso
This says that I need to get a 95% on my final to pass the class. If so, I'm a little worried.Esto dice que necesito sacar un 95% en mi examen final para aprobar la clase. En tal caso, estoy un poco preocupado.
d. en caso afirmativo
Do you own your own home? If so, do you have insurance?¿Tiene casa propia? En caso afirmativo, ¿tiene seguro?
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