Quick answer
"What" is a pronoun which is often translated as "qué", and "such" is an adjective which is often translated as "tal". Learn more about the difference between "what" and "such" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (in questions)
a. qué
What do you want me to do?¿Qué quieres que haga?
b. cuál
What was the reason for Jim's departure?¿Cuál fue la razón por la que se fuera Jim?
c. cómo
What's the weather like where you are?¿Cómo está el tiempo donde estás tú?
What's their house like?¿Cómo es su casa?
2. (in relative clauses)
a. lo que
He smoked what he had left in the pipe.Se fumó lo que le quedaba en la pipa.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (in questions)
a. qué
What movie did you want to see?¿Qué película querías ver?
4. (in exclamations)
a. qué
What a nice day!¡Qué bonito día!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
5. (used to express surprise)
a. qué
What? That can't be true!¿Qué? ¡No puede ser verdad!
6. (not understanding)
a. qué
What? Speak louder, please.¿Qué? Hable más alto, por favor.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (indicating kind)
a. tal
She did not agree with such ideas.No estaba de acuerdo con tales ideas.
b. de ese tipo
Such films are made on a very low budget.Las películas de ese tipo se hacen con un presupuesto muy bajo.
c. semejante
I had never seen such a thing!¡Nunca había visto cosa semejante!
2. (indicating degree)
a. tanto
There was such confusion that nobody knew what to do.Había tanta confusión que nadie sabía lo que tenía que hacer.
b. tal
The heating made such noise that it was impossible to sleep at night.La calefacción hacía un ruido tal que era imposible dormir por la noche.
3. (indicating mode)
a. tal
The dictionary is organized in such a way that information is easy to find.El diccionario está organizado de tal forma que es fácil encontrar la información.
4. (indicating quantity)
a. todo
I gave him such information as I had.Le di toda la información que tenía.
5. (as a comparative)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A house such as this is not easily found at this price.Una casa como esta es difícil de encontrar a este precio.
We had never encountered such a problem as that.Nunca nos habíamos encontrado con un problema así.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (indicating degree)
a. tan
I won't room with such an arrogant person.Yo no pienso vivir con alguien tan arrogante.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
7. (indicating kind)
a. tal
Such was his wish, and I wanted to oblige.Tal era su deseo y yo quería complacerle.
8. (indicating degree)
a. tal
His anxiety was such that he could not sleep.Su ansiedad era tal que no podía dormir.
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