Quick answer
"Wear and tear" is a phrase which is often translated as "desgaste natural", and "damage" is a noun which is often translated as "el daño". Learn more about the difference between "wear and tear" and "damage" below.
wear and tear
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. desgaste natural
The couch is five years old, and it shows signs of some wear and tear.El sofá tiene cinco años y da muestras de cierto desgaste natural.
b. desgaste por uso
This backpack will withstand everyday wear and tear.Esta mochila podrá soportar el desgaste por el uso diario.
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damage(
dah
-
mihj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (destruction)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The damage that the war has caused to the country's infrastructure will take years to repair.El daño que la guerra ha causado a las infraestructuras del país tardará años en repararse.
b. los daños
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The building sustained extensive damage in the earthquake.El edificio sufrió importantes daños en el terremoto.
2. (detrimental effect)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rumors have caused damage to my reputation.Los rumores provocaron un daño a mi reputación.
b. el perjuicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Floods have caused substantial economic damage this year.Este año, las inundaciones causaron un considerable perjuicio económico.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to inflict harm on)
a. dañar
A famous painting was accidentally damaged by a visitor to the museum.Un visitante del museo dañó accidentalmente una pintura famosa.
4. (to cause a detrimental effect)
a. dañar
Poor defending is damaging the team's chances in this game.Una mala defensa está dañando las oportunidades del equipo en este partido.
b. perjudicar
Smoking can damage your health.Fumar puede perjudicar tu salud.
damages
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (legal)
a. los daños y perjuicios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defendant had to pay one million dollars in damages.El demandado tenía que pagar un millón de dólares en daños y perjuicios.
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