Quick answer
"Warm up" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "calentar", and "build up" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "desarrollar". Learn more about the difference between "warm up" and "build up" below.
warm up(
wawrm
 
uhp
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to heat)
a. calentar
We used to light fires to warm up the cabin in the winter months.Encendíamos un fuego para calentar la cabaña en los meses de invierno.
b. recalentar (food)
My mother warmed up leftovers for dinner tonight.Mi madre recalentó las sobras para la cena de esta noche.
2. (to make lively)
a. animar
The event organizers hired a DJ to warm up the party.Los organizadores del evento contrataron a un pinchadiscos para animar la fiesta.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
3. (to become warmer)
a. calentarse
We were able to start driving once the car's engine warmed up.Pudimos empezar a conducir tan pronto como el motor del carro se calentó.
b. entrar en calor (person)
His forehead was sweating as he began to warm up.Le sudaba la frente cuando empezó a entrar en calor.
4. (to become lively)
a. animarse
The audience warmed up after the keynote speaker told a few jokes.El público se animó después de que el orador principal contara unos chistes.
5. (to become more receptive to; used with "to")
a. acostumbrarse
It took several years for us to warm up to our stepfather.Nos tomó muchos años acostumbrarnos a nuestro padrastro.
b. entusiasmarse
We weren't excited at first, but then we warmed up to the idea of going to the movies.Al principio no nos emocionaba, pero luego nos entusiasmamos con la idea de ir al cine.
6. (to prepare to do an activity)
a. hacer ejercicios de calentamiento
We warmed up before we got into the pool to avoid injuring ourselves.Hicimos ejercicios de calentamiento antes de entrar en la piscina para no lastimarnos.
b. calentarse
If we don't warm up before the concert, we'll sound terrible.Si no nos calentamos antes del concierto, sonaremos terribles.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
build up(
bihld
 
uhp
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to develop)
a. desarrollar
Niall is taking boxing classes to build up his biceps.Niall está tomando clases de box para desarrollar sus bíceps.
b. forjarse
Angela spent five years building up her reputation as councillor before she ran for mayor.Ángela estuvo cinco años forjándose una reputación como concejal antes de postularse para alcaldesa.
c. tomar
The rocket built up speed as it escaped the Earth's atmosphere.El cohete tomó velocidad mientras abandonaba la atmósfera de la Tierra.
d. hacerse
Dan built up his hopes only to have them crushed when he found out she was married.Dan se hizo ilusiones y se le vinieron abajo cuando se enteró de que estaba casada.
2. (to make stronger)
a. ganar
If you want to take up running, you need to build up stamina gradually.Si quieres empezar a correr, tienes que ganar resistencia en forma gradual.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It takes time to build up strength after you've had the flu.Recuperar la fuerza lleva tiempo después de una gripe.
Running every morning and swimming every afternoon is helping her to build up her strength.Correr cada mañana y nadar cada tarde la está ayudando a fortalecerse.
3. (to accumulate)
a. juntar
Alyssa saves 15% of every paycheck to build up money for retirement.Alyssa ahorra 15% de cada sueldo para juntar dinero para la jubilación.
b. acumular
Joyce started to build up debts when she lost her job.Joyce empezó a acumular deudas cuando se quedó sin trabajo.
4. (to make)
a. levantar
Rafael built up his insurance business on his own.Rafael levantó solo su negocio de seguros.
b. crear
The designer is building up a network of stores worldwide.La diseñadora está creando una red de tiendas en todo el mundo.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
5. (to accumulate)
a. acumularse
Thanks to the construction project next door, the dust builds up really quickly around here.Debido a la obra en construcción de al lado, el polvo se acumula muy rápido por aquí.
6. (to increase)
a. aumentar
The pressure built up until the boiler finally burst.La presión aumentó hasta que la caldera finalmente estalló.
b. acumularse
Our credit card debt built up when my husband was unemployed.Las deudas con las tarjetas de crédito se nos fueron acumulando cuando mi marido estaba desempleado.
c. intensificarse
The traffic is building up because many streets are blocked.El tránsito se está intensificando porque hay muchas calles cerradas.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.  |  Ver en español
SOCIAL NETWORKS
APPS