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Quick answer
"Wake" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "despertar", and "awaken" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "despertar". Learn more about the difference between "wake" and "awaken" below.
wake(
weyk
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wake up)
a. despertar
Can you turn down the music, please? You're going to wake the baby!¿Puedes bajar el volumen de la música, por favor? ¡Vas a despertar al bebé!
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to wake up)
a. despertarse
I couldn't remember anything when I woke, but the doctor told me that the surgery went fine.No podía recordar nada cuando me desperté, pero el doctor me dijo que todo salió bien con la operación.
b. despertar
The little girl woke from a nightmare and went running to her parents' room.La niñita despertó de una pesadilla y fue corriendo al cuarto de sus papás.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (vigil)
a. el velatorio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A lot of people came to my father's wake, but only a few were at the funeral.Mucha gente vino al velatorio de mi padre, pero solo unos pocos estuvieron presentes en el funeral.
b. el velorio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I'm sorry for your loss. What time will the wake be?Te acompaño en el sentimiento. ¿A qué hora será el velorio?
4. (nautical)
a. la estela
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The ship left a fine wake behind it as we sailed calmly across the sea.El barco dejaba una bella estela tras de sí mientras navegábamos tranquilamente por el mar.
5. (aftermath)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
In the wake of the attack, many people were desperately searching for missing family members.Tras el ataque, muchos buscaban desesperadamente a sus familiares desaparecidos.
Many people lost their home in the wake of the financial crisis.Muchos perdieron la vivienda a raíz de la crisis económica.
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awaken(
uh
-
wey
-
kihn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to arouse from sleep)
a. despertar
The baby's crying awakened the whole house.Los llantos del bebé despertaron a toda la casa.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to induce)
a. despertar
The teaching at this school aims to awaken children's curiosity and desire to learn.La enseñanza impartida en esta escuela tiene por objeto despertar la curiosidad y el deseo de aprender del niño.
3.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to make aware)
a. abrir los ojos a
This documentary awakened the public to the horrors of life under the dictatorship.Este documental abrió los ojos al público sobre los horrores de la vida bajo la dictadura.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to wake up)
a. despertarse
The next day we awakened to brilliant sunshine.Cuando nos despertamos al día siguiente hacía un sol radiante.
b. despertar
I awakened at first light and set off on my way again.Desperté al clarear el día y me puse de nuevo en camino.
5.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to become aware; used with "to")
a. darse cuenta de
Voters are awakening to the fact that the government has lied to them.Los votantes se están dando cuenta del hecho de que el gobierno les ha mentido.
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