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Quick answer
"Utilizar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to use", and "sujetar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to hold". Learn more about the difference between "utilizar" and "sujetar" below.
utilizar(
oo
-
tee
-
lee
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make use of)
a. to use
Utiliza la llave de rueda para reemplazar esa llanta ponchada.Use this socket wrench to replace that flat tire.
b. to utilize
Los médicos utilizan un sistema para determinar el tratamiento exacto.Doctors utilize a system to determine the exact treatment.
2. (clothing, accessories)
a. to wear
En verano, es recomendable utilizar gafas de sol.During summer, wearing sunglasses is recommended.
3. (to abuse)
a. to take advantage
Hay que utilizar los beneficios de trabajar con el gobierno.One must take advantage of the benefits of working for the government.
4. (to employ)
a. to harness
Ahora pueden utilizar la energía solar para crear electricidad.They can now harness solar energy to create electricity.
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sujetar(
soo
-
heh
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to grasp)
a. to hold
¿Puedes sujetar mi mochila mientras abro la puerta?Can you hold my backpack while I open the door?
2. (to fix in place)
a. to fasten
Sujeta el paquete con una cuerda.Fasten the package with some string.
b. to hold in place
Puedes sujetar los documentos con este clip.You can hold the documents in place with this paperclip.
3. (to restrain)
a. to hold down
Sujeta el gato mientras le corto las uñas.Hold down the cat while I clip his nails.
b. to subdue
Sujetó a su atacante con movidas de karate.She subdued her attacker with karate moves.
c. conquer (formal)
Los romanos sujetaron a la mayoría de Europa y el Medio Oriente.The Romans conquered much of Europe and the Middle East.
sujetarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to hold on)
a. to hold on
Sujétate el sombrero para que el viento no se lo lleve.Hold on to your hat so the wind doesn't carry it away.
b. to hold in place
Ella se sujeta el cabello con un listón amarillo.She holds her hair in place with a yellow ribbon.
5. (to abide by)
a. to abide by
Me voy a sujetar a la voluntad de la mayoría.I am going to abide by the will of the majority.
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