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Quick answer
"Utilizar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to use", and "emplear" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to use". Learn more about the difference between "utilizar" and "emplear" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make use of)
a. to use
Utiliza la llave de rueda para reemplazar esa llanta ponchada.Use this socket wrench to replace that flat tire.
b. to utilize
Los médicos utilizan un sistema para determinar el tratamiento exacto.Doctors utilize a system to determine the exact treatment.
2. (clothing, accessories)
a. to wear
En verano, es recomendable utilizar gafas de sol.During summer, wearing sunglasses is recommended.
3. (to abuse)
a. to take advantage
Hay que utilizar los beneficios de trabajar con el gobierno.One must take advantage of the benefits of working for the government.
4. (to employ)
a. to harness
Ahora pueden utilizar la energía solar para crear electricidad.They can now harness solar energy to create electricity.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to utilize)
a. to use
La autora emplea un lenguaje muy metafórico en sus novelas.The author uses very metaphorical language in her novels.
b. to spend
Empleas tu dinero demasiado frívolamente. Tienes que ahorrar para el retiro.You spend your money too frivolously. You have to save for retirement.
2. (to give work)
a. to employ
Nuestra empresa emplea 12 ingenieros y un diseñador.Our company employs 12 engineers and a designer.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to secure employment)
a. to find a job
Se empleó de fotógrafo para el periódico.He found a job as a photographer for the newspaper.
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