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Quick answer
"Utilizar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to use", and "acercarse" is a reflexive verb which is often translated as "to approach". Learn more about the difference between "utilizar" and "acercarse" below.
utilizar(
oo
-
tee
-
lee
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make use of)
a. to use
Utiliza la llave de rueda para reemplazar esa llanta ponchada.Use this socket wrench to replace that flat tire.
b. to utilize
Los médicos utilizan un sistema para determinar el tratamiento exacto.Doctors utilize a system to determine the exact treatment.
2. (clothing, accessories)
a. to wear
En verano, es recomendable utilizar gafas de sol.During summer, wearing sunglasses is recommended.
3. (to abuse)
a. to take advantage
Hay que utilizar los beneficios de trabajar con el gobierno.One must take advantage of the benefits of working for the government.
4. (to employ)
a. to harness
Ahora pueden utilizar la energía solar para crear electricidad.They can now harness solar energy to create electricity.
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acercarse(
ah
-
sehr
-
kahr
-
seh
)
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to get close)
a. to approach
Acércate al perro con cuidado porque podría ser rabioso.Approach the dog carefully, because it might be rabid.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to become interested)
a. to take an interest in
El libro me hizo acercarme a la política exterior.The book made me take an interest in foreign policy.
3. (to travel)
a. to go
Necesito acercarme al dentista pronto.I need to go to the dentist soon.
acercar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to put nearer)
a. to move closer
Acerqué las plantas a la ventana.I moved the plants closer to the window.
5. (to draw near)
a. to bring closer
La tragedia me acercó a mi familia.The tragedy brought me closer to my family.
6. (to give a ride)
a. to take
Mi primo me va a acercar al aeropuerto por la mañana.My cousin is going to take me to the airport in the morning.
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