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Quick answer
"Urge" is a form of "urgir", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to urge". "Urgente" is an adjective which is often translated as "urgent". Learn more about the difference between "urge" and "urgente" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to push for)
a. to urge
Las autoridades médicas urgieron a la población en riesgo a vacunarse contra la influenza.The medical authorities urged the population at risk to get vaccinated against influenza.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to be pressing)
a. to be urgently needed
Urge buscar una solución diplomática al conflicto.A diplomatic solution to the conflict is urgently needed.
3. (to be essential)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me urge llamar a mis padres para que me envíen más dinero.I must call my parents to ask them to send me some more money.
Urge terminar de pintar la casa pronto para poder ponerla a la venta.We urgently need to finish painting the house so we can put it up for sale.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (high-priority)
a. urgent
No encuentro a María y tengo algo urgente que decirle.I can't find Maria and I have something urgent to tell her.
b. pressing
Tenemos que resolver esto cuanto antes porque es un asunto urgente.We have to solve this as soon as possible because it's a pressing issue.
c. express (mail)
Te envié un paquete urgente para que lo recibieras esta misma tarde.I sent you an express package so that you would get it this very evening.
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