"Until" is a preposition which is often translated as "hasta", and "that is" is a phrase which is often translated as "eso es". Learn more about the difference between "until" and "that is" below.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (up till)
a. hasta
I will stay at their house until Sunday.Me quedaré en su casa hasta el domingo.
2. (before)
a. hasta
We don't close until 8pm. If you hurry, you'll make it.No cerramos hasta las 8pm. Si te apuras, todavía llegas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
3. (up till)
a. hasta que
Until he left his country, he had never felt homesick for his mother's cooking.Hasta que se fue de su país, no había sentido nostalgia por la comida de su mamá.
4. (before)
a. hasta que
You can't go out tonight until you finish your homework.No podrás salir esta noche hasta que no termines tus deberes.
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that is(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (used to refer to something)
a. eso es
Apparently that is what he wants to wear for the dance.Aparentemente eso es lo que se quiere poner para el baile.
2. (used to clarifiy or explain)
a. es decir
I can work with Andrés, that is, if he wants to work with me.Puedo trabajar con Andrés, es decir, si él quiere trabajar conmigo.
b. o sea
I didn't really like her, that is, I'm not sure she's right for this position.No me cayó muy bien, o sea, no estoy seguro de que sea apropiada para este puesto.
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