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Quick answer
"Untar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to spread", and "sobornar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to bribe". Learn more about the difference between "untar" and "sobornar" below.
untar(
oon
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to cover)
a. to spread
Catalina, ¿puedes untar las tostadas con mermelada?Catalina, can you spread the toast with jam?
b. to smear
La nena untó el lápiz labial de su mamá por toda la pared.The little girl smeared her mom's lipstick all over the wall.
c. to grease
Hay que untar la cacerola con mantequilla antes de ponerle la masa.You ought to grease the pan with butter before putting the dough in it.
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to give a bribe)
a. to bribe
Estoy seguro de que untaron a alguien para que les permitiera construir en zona restringida.I'm sure they bribed somebody to get permission to build in a restricted area.
b. to grease the palm of
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Si tienes dinero suficiente, puedes untar a algún oficial corrupto.If you have enough money, you can grease the palm of a corrupt official.
untarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to cover)
a. to smear
Para que sea efectiva la crema antiarrugas, debes untártela en la cara todas las noches.For the antiwrinkle cream to work, you need to smear it all over your face every night.
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sobornar(
soh
-
bohrr
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to corrupt)
a. to bribe
Jorge intentó sobornar a un agente de policía para que no le pusiera una multa.Jorge tried to bribe a police officer not to fine him.
b. to suborn
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Tenemos pruebas de que el acusado trató de sobornar a los testigos.We have evidence that the accused tried to suborn the witnesses.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to get round)
a. to buy
No puedes sobornarme con perfume.You can't buy me with perfume.
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