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Quick answer
"Uno" is an adjective which is often translated as "one", and "alguno" is an adjective which is often translated as "some". Learn more about the difference between "uno" and "alguno" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (numeral or indefinite)
a. one
Me queda solo un dulce.I've only got one candy left.
Necesitamos una moneda más para completar el conjunto.We need one more coin to complete the set.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (number)
a. one
Elige un número del uno al diez.Choose a number between one and ten.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (numeral or indefinite)
a. one
¿Cuántas monedas necesitas? - Solo una.How many coins do you need? - Just one.
Compré uno para mí y otro para ti.I bought one for me and another for you.
4. (impersonal use)
a. one
Uno puede ganar mucho dinero al invertir.One can make a lot of money by investing.
b. you
Uno nunca sabe lo que puede salir de ahí.You never know what may come of it.
5. (unspecified person)
a. someone
Uno tocó el timbre, pero no respondí.Someone rang the doorbell, but I didn't answer.
b. somebody
Hablé con uno que sabe mucho acerca de la situación.I talked with somebody who knows a lot about the situation.
c. some (plural)
¿Todos los alumnos llegaron a tiempo? - Unos llegaron temprano y otros tarde.Did all the students arrive on time? - Some arrived early and others arrived late.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (indeterminate)
a. some (in affirmative clauses)
Dime que traes alguna buena noticia.Tell me you have some good news.
b. any (in interrogative or negative clauses)
¿Tiene algún error mi ensayo?Does my essay have any errors?
c. a (in interrogative or negative clauses)
¿Tienes alguna camiseta que me puedes prestar?Do you have a shirt that you can lend me?
d. a few (plural)
Tenemos algunas bolsas, pero vamos a necesitar más.We have a few bags, but we'll be needing more.
2. (used for emphasis)
a. any
No tiene conocimiento alguno sobre programación.He doesn't have any knowledge about programming.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (indeterminate thing)
a. any
Tengo muchos tomates en el jardín. ¿Quieres alguno?I have a lot of tomatoes in the garden. Would you like any?
4. (indeterminate person)
a. someone (in affirmative clauses)
¡Mamá¡ ¡Papá! Alguno tiene que ayudarme con mi tarea de matemáticas.Mom! Dad! Someone has to help me with my math homework.
b. somebody (in affirmative clauses)
Por favor que alguno le abra la puerta.Somebody please open the door for him.
c. anyone (in interrogative clauses)
¿Me puede ayudar alguno a cambiar una llanta pinchada?Can anyone help me change a flat tire?
d. anybody (in interrogative clauses)
De tantos chicos en la fiesta ¿viste a alguno que ya conocías?Out of all those guys at the party, did you see anybody you already knew?
e. one
Alguno de ustedes tiene que acompañarme.One of you has to come with me.
5. (in affirmative clauses; replacing plural nouns)
a. some
Algunos pensarán que este proyecto es inútil.Some may think that this project is useless.
b. some people
Algunos dirían que estamos locos por quedarnos aquí.Some people would say we're mad to stay here.
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