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Quick answer
"Unknown" is an adjective which is often translated as "desconocido", and "established" is an adjective which is often translated as "establecido". Learn more about the difference between "unknown" and "established" below.
unknown(
uhn
-
non
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not known)
a. desconocido
She was being taken to an unknown destination.La llevaban a un destino desconocido.
b. ignoto
They set sail in search of unknown lands.Se hicieron a la mar en busca de tierras ignotas.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (person)
a. el desconocido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la desconocida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This is a chance for young unknowns to make it in the music industry.Esta es una oportunidad para los jóvenes desconocidos que quieran alcanzar el éxito en la industria de la música.
3. (the unknown)
a. lo desconocido
Beyond the horizon was the unknown.Más allá del horizonte estaba lo desconocido.
4. (mathematics)
a. la incógnita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The unknown in the equation is the rate of expansion.La incógnita de la ecuación es la tasa de expansión.
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established(
ih
-
stah
-
blihsht
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (long-standing)
a. establecido (institution, company)
I make it a rule to invest only in established companies.Tengo por norma invertir solamente en empresas establecidas.
b. consolidado (institution, company)
We have an established customer base that we wish to retain.Tenemos una clientela consolidada que queremos conservar.
c. arraigado (custom, tradition)
The university has an established tradition of research in this field.La universidad tiene una tradición arraigada de investigación en este campo.
2. (proven)
a. probado
It is an established fact that smoking causes cancer.Es un hecho probado que el fumar causa cáncer.
3. (religious)
a. oficial
These sects were seen as a threat to the power of the established church.Estas sectas se consideraban una amenaza para el poder de la iglesia oficial.
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