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Quick answer
"Underneath" is a preposition which is often translated as "debajo de", and "under" is a preposition which is also often translated as "debajo de". Learn more about the difference between "underneath" and "under" below.
underneath(
uhn
-
duhr
-
nith
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (beneath)
a. debajo de
The Paris catacombs extend for miles underneath the city.Las catacumbas de París se extienden por millas debajo de la ciudad.
b. bajo
The cat is playing underneath the table.El gato está jugando bajo la mesa.
c. abajo de
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
It's raining really hard! I think we should wait underneath this tree.¡Está lloviendo bien fuerte! Mejor esperamos abajo de este árbol.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (below)
a. debajo
I looked over the railing of the boat and saw dolphins swimming underneath.Me asomé a la barandilla del barco y vi delfines nadando debajo.
b. por debajo
I sat down in a chair in the airport and discovered a man napping underneath.Me senté en una silla en el aeropuerto y descubrí a un hombre tomando una siesta por debajo.
c. por abajo
This shirt is totally see-through! - Why don't you try putting something underneath?¡Esta camisa está totalmente transparente! - ¿Porqué no pruebas ponerle algo por abajo?
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (underside)
a. la parte inferior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My cat uses the underneath of my desk as a playground.Mi gato usa la parte inferior de mi escritorio como un patio de recreo.
b. la parte de abajo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My sister dyed the underneath of her hair purple.Mi hermana tiñó la parte de abajo del cabello de morado.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (lower)
a. inferior
The underneath rock seems to be gold.La piedra inferior parece ser oro.
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under(
uhn
-
duhr
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (beneath)
a. debajo de
There is a coin under the sofa.Hay una moneda debajo del sofá.
b. abajo de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The kids are hidden under the table.Los niños están escondidos abajo de la mesa.
c. bajo
He was reading under a tree.Estaba leyendo bajo un árbol.
2. (less than)
a. menos de
People under 18 cannot gamble at casinos.Los que tienen menos de 18 no pueden apostar en los casinos.
3. (subject to)
a. bajo
If he said it under oath, it must be true.Si lo dijo bajo juramento, debería ser verdad.
4. (categorized)
a. bajo
That movie is classified under horror.Esa película está clasificada bajo horror.
5. (according to)
a. según
Under the terms of the contract, you cannot quit without giving two weeks notice.Según los términos del contrato, no puedes renunciar sin dar dos semanas de aviso.
6. (agriculture)
a. sembrado de
Our field is under corn this year and tomatoes the next.Nuestro campo está sembrado de maíz este año y tomates el siguiente.
7. (using)
a. bajo
He accessed the account under a false name.Entró en la cuenta bajo un nombre falso.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (below water)
a. debajo de
She dove and disappeared under the water.Se zambulló y desapareció debajo del agua.
9. (anesthetized)
a. bajo los efectos de la anestesia
The patient was still under for a few hours after the surgery.El paciente todavía estaba bajo los efectos de la anestesia durante un par de horas después de la cirugía.
10. (less)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
All children aged two and under can travel free.Los niños de dos años y menores viajan gratis.
We can't play hearts with under four players.No podemos jugar a corazones con menos de cuatro jugadores.
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