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Quick answer
"Underestimate" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "subestimar", and "demean" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "degradar". Learn more about the difference between "underestimate" and "demean" below.
underestimate
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to think very little of)
a. subestimar
Don't underestimate him. He actually has more talent than you think.No lo subestimes. En realidad, tiene más talento del que crees.
b. menospreciar
Beauty may fade, but you should never underestimate the value of your intelligence.La belleza puede marchitarse, pero nunca debes menospreciar el valor de tu inteligencia.
c. infravalorar
Your contributions may have been small, but don't underestimate the effect they have had on the project.Puede que tus contribuciones hayan sido pequeñas, pero no infravalores el efecto que han tenido en el proyecto.
2. (to guess too low)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
We initially underestimated the cost of the project, so we were surprised when we saw the actual cost.Inicialmente, calculamos un costo más bajo para el proyecto, así que nos sorprendió cuando vimos el costo real.
We underestimated the number of jellybeans in the jar by only one.Al calcular el número de gomitas en la jarra, fallamos por una.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (miscalculation)
a. el cálculo demasiado bajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Don't give me an underestimate. I want to be able to pay you when this is done.No me des un cálculo demasiado bajo. Quiero poder pagarte cuando hayas terminado.
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demean
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (general)
a. degradar
The debate continues as to whether pornography demeans women.Continúa el debate de si la pornografía degrada a las mujeres.
b. rebajar
I will not demean myself by asking to stay at her house.No me rebajaré a pedirle que me permita quedarme en su casa.
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