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Quick answer
"Under" is a preposition which is often translated as "debajo de", and "next to" is a preposition which is often translated as "al lado de". Learn more about the difference between "under" and "next to" below.
under(
uhn
-
duhr
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (beneath)
a. debajo de
There is a coin under the sofa.Hay una moneda debajo del sofá.
b. abajo de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The kids are hidden under the table.Los niños están escondidos abajo de la mesa.
c. bajo
He was reading under a tree.Estaba leyendo bajo un árbol.
2. (less than)
a. menos de
People under 18 cannot gamble at casinos.Los que tienen menos de 18 no pueden apostar en los casinos.
3. (subject to)
a. bajo
If he said it under oath, it must be true.Si lo dijo bajo juramento, debería ser verdad.
4. (categorized)
a. bajo
That movie is classified under horror.Esa película está clasificada bajo horror.
5. (according to)
a. según
Under the terms of the contract, you cannot quit without giving two weeks notice.Según los términos del contrato, no puedes renunciar sin dar dos semanas de aviso.
6. (agriculture)
a. sembrado de
Our field is under corn this year and tomatoes the next.Nuestro campo está sembrado de maíz este año y tomates el siguiente.
7. (using)
a. bajo
He accessed the account under a false name.Entró en la cuenta bajo un nombre falso.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (below water)
a. debajo de
She dove and disappeared under the water.Se zambulló y desapareció debajo del agua.
9. (anesthetized)
a. bajo los efectos de la anestesia
The patient was still under for a few hours after the surgery.El paciente todavía estaba bajo los efectos de la anestesia durante un par de horas después de la cirugía.
10. (less)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
All children aged two and under can travel free.Los niños de dos años y menores viajan gratis.
We can't play hearts with under four players.No podemos jugar a corazones con menos de cuatro jugadores.
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next to(
nehkst
 
tu
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (adjacent to)
a. al lado de
The teacher's desk is next to the chalkboard.El escritorio del maestro está al lado del pizarrón.
b. junto a
My favorite restaurant is next to the beach.Mi restaurante preferido está junto a la playa.
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