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Quick answer
"Una" is a noun which is often translated as "one", and "otra" is an adjective which is often translated as "another". Learn more about the difference between "una" and "otra" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (time)
a. one
Es la una de la tarde.It's one in the afternoon.
b. one o'clock
Tengo una cita a la una.I have an appointment at one o'clock.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine) (different)
a. another (singular)
¿Tienes otra pluma? Esta ya no tiene tinta.Do you have another pen? This one ran out of ink.
b. other (plural)
Ya hemos hablado de este tema lo suficiente. Hay otras cosas más importantes que debemos discutir.We've talked about this topic enough. There are other, more important things we need to discuss.
2. (feminine) (more)
a. another
Mamá, ¿me das otra paleta? - No, mi amor. Ya te comiste dos.Mom, can I have another lollipop? - No, honey. You've already had two.
3. (feminine) (following)
a. next
A la otra mañana, cuando Ferdinand salió de su casa para ir al trabajo, descubrió que su carro había sido robado.The next morning, when Ferdinand left his house to go to work, he discovered that his car had been stolen.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
4. (feminine) (a different one)
a. another
Tengo una televisión en la sala y otra en mi cuarto.I have a TV in the living room and another in my bedroom.
b. another one
¿Esa es la blusa que usaste en la fiesta de Rita, ¿no? - No. Esta es otra.That's the blouse you wore at Rita's party, isn't it? - No. That's another one.
5. (feminine) (a new one)
a. another
¿Ya te terminaste esa cerveza? - Sí. ¿Me traes otra, por favor?Are you done with that beer? - Yes. Can you bring me another, please?
b. another one
Te devoraste esa hamburguesa bastante rápido. ¿Quieres otra?You wolfed that burger down pretty fast. Do you want another one?
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