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Quick answer
"Una vez por semana" is a phrase which is often translated as "once a week", and "menos" is an adjective which is often translated as "less". Learn more about the difference between "una vez por semana" and "menos" below.
una vez por semana(
oo
-
nah
 
behs
 
pohrr
 
seh
-
mah
-
nah
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. once a week
Voy a clases de piano una vez por semana.I go to piano lessons once a week.
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menos(
meh
-
nohs
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (comparative)
a. less (with uncountable nouns)
Tengo menos tiempo libre hoy que ayer.I have less free time today than yesterday.
b. fewer (with countable nouns)
El profesor tiene menos alumnos en sus clases este semestre.The teacher has fewer students in his classes this semester.
2. (superlative)
a. the least (with uncountable nouns)
La persona que menos agua gaste ganará.The person who wastes the least amount of water will win.
b. the fewest (with countable nouns)
La ardilla con menos bellotas tiene que ponerse a trabajar.The squirrel with the fewest acorns needs to get busy.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (comparative)
a. less
Si comes menos, bajarás de peso.If you eat less, you'll lose weight.
4. (superlative)
a. least
El menos grasoso de todos esos platos es la ensalada.The least greasy of all those dishes is the salad.
5. (temperature)
a. below
La temperatura hoy está a menos diez grados.The temperature today is ten below zero.
b. minus
No sé como la gente aguanta cuando la temperatura está a menos 40 grados.I don't know how people stand it when the temperature is minus 40 degrees.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
6. (excluding)
a. except
Todos confirmaron su asistencia menos Alberto.Everyone except Alberto has confirmed their attendance.
7. (subtraction)
a. minus
Cinco menos dos son tres.Five minus two is three.
b. to (time)
Son las once menos diez.It's ten to eleven.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
8. (mathematical sign)
a. minus sign
Te faltó escribir el menos en tu ecuación.You forgot to write the minus sign in your equation.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
9. (reduced quantity)
a. less
No me gusta mucho el jamón en los emparedados. Me pone menos, ¿por favor?I don't really like ham on sandwiches. Can I have less, please?
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