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Quick answer
"Quota" is a noun which is often translated as "la cuota", and "reach" is a noun which is often translated as "el alcance". Learn more about the difference between "quota" and "reach" below.
quota
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (mandatory proportion)
a. la cuota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Once the salespeople hit their sales quota, their commission percentage goes up.Una vez que los vendedores logran su cuota de ventas, su comisión aumenta.
b. el cupo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The university doesn't assign demographic quotas for admissions.La universidad no asigna cupos para grupos demográficos en sus admisiones.
2. (upper limit)
a. la cuota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fishermen were fined for exceeding the allowed fishing quota for the season.Los pescadores fueron multados por exceder la cuota de pesca permitida para la temporada.
b. el cupo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The phone company charged me overage for going over my monthly quota of text messages.La compañía de teléfonos me cobró sobrecargo por pasarme del cupo mensual de mensajes de texto
3. (share)
a. la cuota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We all get our quota of suffering and our quota of happiness in life.Todos tenemos nuestra cuota de sufrimiento y nuestra cuota de alegría en esta vida.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (relating to quotas)
a. de cuotas
Refugees are allowed to come into the country based on a quota system.Los refugiados pueden entrar al país según un sistema de cuotas.
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reach(
rich
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (range)
a. el alcance
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Can you pass me the key? - I can't get it; it's out of my reach.¿Puedes pasarme la llave? - No llego; está fuera de mi alcance.
2. (stretch)
a. el tramo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He went walking with his dog through a beautiful reach of moorland.Se fue caminando con su perro por un tramo hermoso del páramo.
3. (understanding)
a. la comprensión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The principles of astrophysics are quite out of my reach.Los principios de la astrofísica están fuera de mi comprensión.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to touch)
a. alcanzar
You're so tall that I'm sure that you can reach the basketball hoop.Eres tan alta que seguro que alcanzas la canasta de baloncesto.
b. llegar a
If I stand on my tiptoes, I can reach the ceiling.Si me pongo de puntillas, llego al techo.
5. (to contact)
a. contactar
Have you tried to reach your grandfather by phone?¿Has intentado contactar a tu abuelo por teléfono?
b. ponerse en contacto con
I called my cousin many times to ask how she was, but I couldn't reach her.Llamé a mi prima muchas veces para ver cómo estaba, pero no conseguí ponerme en contacto con ella.
6. (to arrive at)
a. llegar a
We had to drive quickly to reach the campsite before it got dark.Tuvimos que conducir rápido para llegar al camping antes de que anocheciera.
7. (to get to)
a. alcanzar
The temperature is going to reach 80 degrees Fahrenheit today.La temperatura alcanzará los 80 grados Fahrenheit hoy.
b. llegar a
My grandmother reached 90 without ever having gone to the doctor.Mi abuela llegó a los 90 sin haber ido en la vida al doctor.
8. (to affect)
a. llegar a
This message has reached thousands of listeners.Este mensaje ha llegado a miles de radioyentes.
9. (to succeed in an endeavor)
a. llegar a
Have you reached an agreement?¿Han llegado a un acuerdo?
b. lograr
They reached their goal of selling one million copies of their album.Lograron su objetivo de vender un millón de copias de su álbum.
10.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to pass)
a. alcanzar
Can you reach me that plate, please?¿Me puedes alcanzar este plato, por favor?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to spread)
a. extenderse a
The spread of war has reached the south.La influencia de la guerra se ha extendido al sur.
12. (to be able to touch)
a. llegar
Can you help me? I can't reach.¿Podrías ayudarme? No llego.
b. alcanzar
I want to get that glass down but I can't reach.Quiero bajar ese vaso pero no alcanzo.
13. (to extend to)
a. llegar a
The sleeves reached to my elbows.Las mangas me llegaban a los codos.
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