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Quick answer
"Own" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "ser dueño de", and "govern" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "gobernar". Learn more about the difference between "own" and "govern" below.
own(
on
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to possess)
a. ser dueño de
He owns six apartments in this building and several more elsewhere.Es dueño de seis apartamentos en este edificio y varios más en otros lugares.
b. poseer
Who owns the key to your heart?¿Quién posee la llave de tu corazón?
c. tener
Our family owns four bicycles but only one works.En casa tenemos cuatro bicicletas, pero solo una funciona.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to admit)
a. reconocer
The witness owned that she had lied to the court.La testigo reconoció que había mentido al tribunal.
b. admitir
The journalist owned that he'd plagiarized his colleague's article.El periodista admitió haber plagiado el artículo de su colega.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to admit; used with "to")
a. reconocer
In the end the patient owned to being a hypocondriac.Al final el paciente reconoció ser un hipocondríaco.
b. admitir
He owned to his guilt only because he was tortured.Admitió su culpa solo porque le torturaron.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (belonging to)
a. propio
I would rather have my own car.Preferiría tener mi propio coche.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
5. (possessive)
a. suyo
Do you know if the dog is her own?¿Sabes si el perro es suyo?
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govern(
guh
-
vuhrn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to rule)
a. gobernar
A military junta governed the country after the coup d'etat.Una junta militar gobernó el país después del golpe de estado.
2. (to restrain)
a. dominar
His ability to govern his emotions during crises has helped him achieve a lot in life.Su capacidad de dominar sus emociones en situaciones de crisis lo ha ayudado a lograr mucho en la vida.
3. (linguistics)
a. regir
The German preposition "durch" governs the accusative case.La preposición alemana "durch" rige el caso acusativo.
4. (to determine)
a. regular
Which law governs prenuptial agreements in the United States?¿Qué ley regula los acuerdos prenupciales en los Estados Unidos?
b. determinar
There are several factors that govern the currency exchange rate.Hay varios factores que determinan el tipo de cambio.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to rule)
a. gobernar
He governs with an eye toward the next campaign.Gobierna con la mirada puesta en la próxima campaña.
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