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Quick answer
"Own" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "ser dueño de", and "owe" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "deber". Learn more about the difference between "own" and "owe" below.
own(
on
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to possess)
a. ser dueño de
He owns six apartments in this building and several more elsewhere.Es dueño de seis apartamentos en este edificio y varios más en otros lugares.
b. poseer
Who owns the key to your heart?¿Quién posee la llave de tu corazón?
c. tener
Our family owns four bicycles but only one works.En casa tenemos cuatro bicicletas, pero solo una funciona.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to admit)
a. reconocer
The witness owned that she had lied to the court.La testigo reconoció que había mentido al tribunal.
b. admitir
The journalist owned that he'd plagiarized his colleague's article.El periodista admitió haber plagiado el artículo de su colega.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to admit; used with "to")
a. reconocer
In the end the patient owned to being a hypocondriac.Al final el paciente reconoció ser un hipocondríaco.
b. admitir
He owned to his guilt only because he was tortured.Admitió su culpa solo porque le torturaron.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (belonging to)
a. propio
I would rather have my own car.Preferiría tener mi propio coche.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
5. (possessive)
a. suyo
Do you know if the dog is her own?¿Sabes si el perro es suyo?
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owe(
o
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to be obligated to pay)
a. deber
He owes his landlord two months of rent.Le debe dos meses de renta al propietario.
b. adeudar (formal)
The company owes millions of dollars to the government.La empresa adeuda millones de dólares al gobierno.
2. (to be obligated to provide)
a. deber
Don't you think you owe me an explanation?¿No te parece que me debes una explicación?
3. (to be indebted for)
a. deber
I owe the firemen my gratitude for rescuing my cat.Le debo a los bomberos mi gratitud por rescatar a mi gato.
4. (to be due to)
a. deber
He owes his stubbornness to his father.Le debe su terquedad a su padre.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to be obligated to pay)
a. deber
Remind me that I still owe for the drinks on Friday.Recuérdame que todavía debo las bebidas del viernes.
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