Quick answer
"Outward" is an adjective which is often translated as "exterior", and "behind" is a preposition which is often translated as "detrás de". Learn more about the difference between "outward" and "behind" below.
outward
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (exterior)
a. exterior
Don't let the outward appearance fool you, it's a hot rod under the hood.No dejes que la apariencia exterior te engañe, es un auto de carreras bajo el capó.
b. externo
He spent a lot on plastic surgery to change his outward appearance, but he still has an ugly personality.Gastó mucho en la cirugía plástica para cambiar su apariencia externa, pero aún tiene una personalidad fea.
2. (going out)
a. de ida
The airline moved my outward flight 10 hours later.La aerolínea retrasó mi vuelo de ida 10 horas.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (toward the outside)
a. hacia afuera
My hair sticks outward on high humidity days, like the pigtailed Swedish storybook character.Mi cabello sale hacia fuera en días de mucha humedad, como el de la chica de trenzas de los cuentos suecos.
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behind(
bi
-
haynd
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (in or toward the back of)
a. detrás de
The kids hid behind the curtains to surprise the birthday girl.Los niños se escondieron detrás de las cortinas para sorprender a la cumpleañera.
b. atrás de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
Please stay behind your mother.Por favor quédate atrás de tu mamá.
c. tras
There was a little mouse behind the wardrobe, and when we moved it, it ran away.Había un ratoncito tras el armario y, cuando lo movimos, salió corriendo.
2. (responsible for)
a. detrás de
The secretary was behind the scam.La secretaria estaba detrás del timo.
b. tras
It seems two high-ranking officers are behind the coup.Al parecer dos altos mandos están tras el golpe de estado.
3. (less advanced than)
a. detrás de
Alexa is slightly behind Tracy in the overall season scores.Alexa está ligeramente detrás de Tracy en la puntuación global de la temporada.
b. atrás de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
Gonzalez was behind Uribe in the polls, but he's catching up.González iba atrás de Uribe en las encuestas, pero lo está alcanzando.
c. a la zaga
Our team is behind all the rest this season.Nuestro equipo está a la zaga de los demás esta temporada.
d. tras
We're not behind them in the league table, we're ahead of them.Nosotros no vamos tras ellos en la clasificación de la liga, estamos por delante de ellos.
4. (related to time zone)
a. por detrás de
Seattle is three hours behind New York.Seattle está tres horas por detrás de Nueva York.
5. (supportive of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I thought you were going to be behind my idea of hiring Carlos on an interim basis.Pensé que iban a respaldar mi idea de contratar a Carlos como empleado interino.
Why aren't you behind me on this proposal?¿Por qué no me apoyas con esta propuesta?
6. (to one's name or credit)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Anne has 25 years of teaching behind her.Anne tiene 25 años dando clases en su haber.
We have a lot of experience behind us.Tenemos mucha experiencia en nuestro haber.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (to the rear)
a. atrás
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The bus driver heard a noise and looked behind.El chofer oyó un ruido y miró atrás.
b. detrás
His dog was running along behind.Su perro venía corriendo detrás.
c. de cerca
Cecilia was nervous because the same black van had been following close behind for ten minutes.Cecilia estaba nerviosa porque la misma camioneta negra la había estado siguiendo de cerca por diez minutos.
8. (behind schedule)
a. atrasado
The renters are behind with their payments.Los inquilinos van atrasados en los pagos.
b. retrasado
The train is behind; let's go get something to eat.El tren viene retrasado; vamos a por algo de comer.
9. (related to time zone)
a. más atrás
Remember that Mexico City is 2 hours behind.Acuérdate que la Ciudad de México va dos horas más atrás.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
10.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(buttocks)
a. el trasero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She slapped him on the behind.Le dio una palmada en el trasero.
b. la cola
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
Nice behind!¡Linda cola!
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