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Quick answer
"Or" is a conjunction which is often translated as "o", and "either" is a conjunction which is also often translated as "o". Learn more about the difference between "or" and "either" below.
or(
awr
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (indicating alternative)
a. o
Do you want the chicken or the beef?¿Quiere pollo o bistec?
I think they have seven or eight children.Creo que tienen siete u ocho hijos.
b. ni (in negative constructions)
Your comment wasn't funny or nice.Tu comentario no fue ni gracioso ni simpático.
OR
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
abbreviation
2. (U.S. state)
a. Oregón
My friend goes to college in Portland, OR.Mi amigo asiste a la universidad en Portland, Oregón.
3. (operating room)
a. el quirófano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The doctor and the nurse are in the OR.El médico y el enfermero están en el quirófano.
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either(
ay
-
thuhr
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (indicating two options)
a. o
Either close the door or come inside.O cierra la puerta o entra.
b. u (before a word beginning with "o/ho")
It'll take either hours or mere minutes.Se tardará u horas o unos minutos.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (one or another)
a. cualquiera
You can choose either glass.Puedes escoger cualquiera de los dos vasos.
b. ninguno (with a negated verb)
I don't think either team will win.No creo que gane ninguno de los dos equipos.
3. (both)
a. ambos
There was a person on either side of me on the plane.Tenía a una persona a ambos lados de mí en el avión.
b. cada
There were beautiful ferns on either side of the country lane.Había unos helechos hermosos a cada lado del sendero rural.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
4. (one or another)
a. cualquiera
I like both of those popsicle flavors, so I can eat either.Me gustan las paletas de ambos sabores, así que puedo comerme cualquiera.
b. ninguno (with a negated verb)
I don't like beef or chicken sandwiches. I don't want either.No me gustan los sándwiches ni de carne ni de pollo. No quiero ninguno.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (as well)
a. tampoco (with a negated verb)
I don't like cockroaches either.No me gustan las cucarachas tampoco.
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