Quick answer
"Or" is a conjunction which is often translated as "o", and "collect" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "juntar". Learn more about the difference between "or" and "collect" below.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (indicating alternative)
a. o
Do you want the chicken or the beef?¿Quiere pollo o bistec?
I think they have seven or eight children.Creo que tienen siete u ocho hijos.
b. ni (in negative constructions)
Your comment wasn't funny or nice.Tu comentario no fue ni gracioso ni simpático.
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
2. (U.S. state)
a. Oregón
My friend goes to college in Portland, OR.Mi amigo asiste a la universidad en Portland, Oregón.
3. (operating room)
a. el quirófano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The doctor and the nurse are in the OR.El médico y el enfermero están en el quirófano.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to gather together)
a. juntar
I need more time to collect signatures.Necesito más tiempo para juntar firmas.
The library is collecting used books for the book sale.La biblioteca está juntando libros usados para la venta de libros.
b. recaudar
The kids are collecting money for a good cause.Los niños recaudan dinero para una buena causa.
c. recopilar
We have collected the required data for the project.Hemos recopilado los datos necesarios para el proyecto.
2. (to gather as hobby)
a. coleccionar
I collect dolls from every country.Colecciono muñecas de todos los países.
3. (to fetch)
a. recoger
Who's going to collect the kids from school?¿Quién va a recoger los niños de la escuela?
4. (to obtain)
a. cobrar (debts, rent)
The company has hired an agency to collect its debts.La empresa ha contratado los servicios de una agencia para cobrar sus deudas.
b. recaudar (taxes)
The government is responsible for collecting taxes.Es responsabilidad del gobierno recaudar impuestos.
5. (to accumulate)
a. acumular (dust)
He has dozens of trophies collecting dust.Tiene un montón de trofeos acumulando polvo.
6. (to put in order)
a. poner en orden
We needed time to collect our thoughts after such shocking news.Tras una noticia tan espeluznante, nececitábamos tiempo para poner en orden nuestras ideas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to gather)
a. reunirse
People began collecting in the square.La gente empezaba a reunirse en la plaza.
b. congregarse
A crowd soon collected around him.Pronto se congregó una muchedumbre a su alrededor.
8. (to accumulate)
a. acumularse (dust, water)
We need to prevent water collecting on the flat roof.Hay que impedir que se acumule agua sobre el techo plano.
9. (to gather money)
a. recaudar dinero
We are collecting for charity.Estamos recaudando dinero para obras benéficas.
b. hacer una colecta
I'm collecting to buy a leaving present for Andy.Estoy haciendo una colecta para comprar un regalo de despedida para Andy.
10. (to regain one's composure)
a. recobrar la compostura
Once she had collected herself, I made her tell me what had happened.Una vez que había recobrado la compostura, le hice contarme lo que había pasado.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
11. (telecommunications)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. a cobro revertido
The operator asked me if I would accept a collect call.El operador me preguntó si aceptaba una llamada a cobro revertido.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
12. (telecommunications)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. a cobro revertido
I had to call my mom collect because I ran out of money.Tuve que llamar a mi mamá a cobro revertido porque me quedé sin dinero.
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