Quick answer
"Or" is a conjunction which is often translated as "o", and "but" is a conjunction which is often translated as "pero". Learn more about the difference between "or" and "but" below.
or(
awr
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (indicating alternative)
a. o
Do you want the chicken or the beef?¿Quiere pollo o bistec?
I think they have seven or eight children.Creo que tienen siete u ocho hijos.
b. ni (in negative constructions)
Your comment wasn't funny or nice.Tu comentario no fue ni gracioso ni simpático.
OR
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
abbreviation
2. (U.S. state)
a. Oregón
My friend goes to college in Portland, OR.Mi amigo asiste a la universidad en Portland, Oregón.
3. (operating room)
a. el quirófano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The doctor and the nurse are in the OR.El médico y el enfermero están en el quirófano.
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but(
buht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to express a contrasting statement)
a. pero
I want to go, but it's really far.Quiero ir pero es muy lejos.
b. sino
He wasn't from New York, but from New Jersey.No era de Nueva York, sino de Nueva Jersey.
2. (emphatic)
a. pero
But it is still too early to go to bed!¡Pero si aún es muy temprano para acostarse!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (only)
a. no ser más que
She is but a poor philosopher.No es más que una pobre filósofa.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (except)
a. salvo
I have read all his books but the last one.He leído todos sus libros salvo el último.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (objection)
a. pero
I don't want any buts or excuses.No quiero ni peros ni excusas.
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