Quick answer
"Onset" is a noun which is often translated as "el comienzo", and "relapse" is a noun which is often translated as "la recaída". Learn more about the difference between "onset" and "relapse" below.
onset
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (start)
a. el comienzo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
At the onset of the Neolithic period, humans went from being hunters to being farmers.Al comienzo del periodo Neolítico, los seres humanos pasaron de ser cazadores a ser agricultores.
b. el inicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fall of the Berlin wall marked the onset of a new era.La caída del muro de Berlín marcó el inicio de una nueva era.
c. la llegada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a season)
The children celebrated the onset of spring with a flower parade.Los niños celebraron la llegada de la primavera con un desfile floral.
d. la aparición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a disease)
Bilingualism delays the onset of dementia.El bilingüismo retrasa la aparición de la demencia.
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relapse
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (medicine)
a. la recaída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was doing well after the treatment, but then he had a relapse.Se iba encontrando mejor con el tratamiento, pero luego sufrió una recaída.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (medicine)
a. recaer
There is always a risk that addicts participating in drug rehabilitation programs will relapse.Siempre existe el riesgo de que los adictos que participan en programas de rehabilitación recaigan.
b. sufrir una recaída
A small proportion of patients relapse some months after a successful course of treatment.Un pequeño porcentaje de pacientes sufre una recaída varios meses después de un tratamiento exitoso.
3. (to revert to; used with "into")
a. volver a sumirse en (silence or a depression)
The conversation was awkward. She would just answer my questions and then relapse into silence.La conversación fue incómoda. Ella se limitaba a responder a mis preguntas y luego volvía a sumirse en el silencio.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Casey sometimes relapses into his Southern accent when he's had a few drinks.A veces, cuando ha tomado unas copas, Casey vuelve a hablar con acento sureño.
The moment I'm not watching her, my daughter relapses into overeating.En el momento en que dejo de vigilarla, mi hija empieza otra vez a comer en exceso.
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