Quick answer
"Old" is an adjective which is often translated as "viejo", and "antique" is an adjective which is often translated as "de época". Learn more about the difference between "old" and "antique" below.
old(
old
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not new)
a. viejo
My old printer still works really well.Mi vieja impresora sigue funcionando estupendamente.
2. (related to age)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I will be fifty years old tomorrow.Mañana cumpliré cincuenta años.
My son is four years old.Mi hijo tiene cuatro años.
3. (antique)
a. antiguo
I still have my grandfather's old Bible.Todavía tengo la antigua biblia de mi abuelo.
4. (worn)
a. viejo
Even though this old shirt is full of holes, it's still my favorite.Aunque esta camisa vieja tenga agujeros, todavía es mi favorita.
5. (former)
a. antiguo
I'm happily married but still think about my old boyfriend.Estoy felizmente casada pero todavía pienso en mi antiguo novio.
6. (long-standing)
a. viejo
Joe and Peter are old friends who met in college.Joe y Peter son viejos amigos que se conocieron en la universidad.
7. (for emphasis)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He's such a good old dog.Es un buen perro.
We had a grand old time at the party last night.La pasamos requetebien en la fiesta anoche.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (old people)
a. las personas mayores
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The party was a hit for both young and old.La fiesta fue un éxito tanto para los jóvenes como para las personas mayores.
b. los viejos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Social planning should focus more on the needs of the old.La planificación social debería enfocarse más en las necesidades de los viejos.
c. los ancianos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The old are respected in many cultures.En muchas culturas, los ancianos se respetan.
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antique(
ahn
-
tik
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (of an earlier time)
a. de época
We have an antique table that my great-grandfather left us.Tenemos una mesa de época que nos dejó mi bisabuelo.
b. antiguo
She wore antique jewelry on her wedding day.Llevó joyería antigua el día de la boda.
2. (related to antiques)
a. de antigüedades
I love going to the local antiques fair to search for a bargain.Me encanta ir a la feria de antigüedades del barrio en busca de una ganga.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (object from an earlier time)
a. la antigüedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Bella furnished her house with antiques.Bella amuebló la casa con antigüedades.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to make something look antique)
a. dar un acabado antiguo a
The carpenter antiqued the table with sandpaper.El carpintero le dio un acabado antiguo a la mesa con papel de lija.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to shop for antiques)
a. comprar antigüedades
Molly and her mom antique in Nice every summerMolly y su mamá compran antigüedades en Niza cada verano.
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