Quick answer
"Oh" is an interjection which is often translated as "oh", and "understand" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "entender". Learn more about the difference between "oh" and "understand" below.
oh(
o
)
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
1. (used to express surprise)
a. oh
Did you know there were going to be fireworks tonight? - Oh? No, I didn't.¿Sabías que iba a haber fuegos artificiales esta noche? - ¡Oh! No, no lo sabía.
b. vaya
Oh! What a pleasant surprise to see you here!¡Vaya! ¡Qué sorpresa tan agradable verte aquí!
c. ah
Oh! I get it now. The TV won't turn on because it's not plugged in!¡Ah! Ya entendí. ¡La tele no se enciende porque no está enchufada!
2. (used to express pain)
a. ay
Oh! That's hot.¡Ay! Eso está caliente.
3. (used to call attention)
a. eh
Oh, sir, you're stepping on my shoe!¡Eh, señor! Me está pisando.
4. (used to express disbelief)
a. en serio
Oh? You're going to be the master of ceremonies?¿En serio? ¿Vas a ser el maestro de ceremonias?
b. no me digas
Oh, you have got to be kidding. Steve's going out with Melanie again?¡No me digas! Debe ser una broma. ¿Steve está saliendo de nuevo con Melanie?
c. de veras
Oh? You won the gold medal?¿De veras? ¿Ganaste la medalla de oro?
5. (used to express dismay)
a. ay
Oh! Shut up! That is disgusting!¡Ay! ¡Cállate! ¡Eso es asqueroso!
6. (used to elicit further information)
a. ah, sí
I'm leaving early today. - Oh?Hoy salgo temprano. - ¿Ah, sí?
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understand(
uhn
-
duhr
-
stahnd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to comprehend)
a. entender
He lived in Paris for three years and still doesn't understand a word of French.Vivió en París tres años y aún no entiende ni una palabra de francés.
b. comprender
My wife can understand even the most complex math problems.Mi esposa puede comprender aun los problemas matemáticos más complejos.
2. (to interpret)
a. entender
The troop movement can only be understood as a provocation.El movimiento de tropas solo se puede entender como una provocación.
3. (to have heard)
a. tener entendido
From what I understand, she got divorced.Según lo que tengo entendido, se divorció.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to comprehend)
a. entender
I hear what you are saying and I understand.Oigo lo que me dices y entiendo.
b. comprender
I was paying attention in class but I just didn't understand.Estaba prestando atención en clase pero simplemente no comprendí.
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