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Quick answer
"Obligate" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "obligar", and "oblige" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "obligar". Learn more about the difference between "obligate" and "oblige" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to require)
a. obligar
Your contract obligates you to pay a premium of $200 a month.Tu contrato te obliga a pagar una prima de $200 al mes.
2. (finance)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. ofrecer como garantía
To secure the apartment, we had to obligate a deposit of the same value as the monthly rent.Para garantizar el apartamento, tuvimos que ofrecer un depósito del mismo valor del alquiler mensual como garantía.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to force)
a. obligar
She stood directly in my path, obliging me to go around.Se había puesto justo donde quería pasar, lo que me obligó a dar la vuelta.
b. forzar
We don't oblige students to go to these meetings. They go of their own free will.No forzamos a los estudiantes ir a estas reuniones, van por su propia voluntad.
2. (to accommodate)
a. hacer un favor a
I delivered the parcel to oblige a friend. I didn't know what was in it.Entregué el paquete para hacerle un favor a un amigo, no sabía qué contenía.
b. complacer
I don't see why I should oblige them. They've never put themselves out for me.No veo por qué debería complacerles, nunca se han molestado por mí.
c. agradecer (used in passive voice)
I'd be obliged if you'd keep the noise down, please.Les estaría agradecido si no hicieran tanto ruido, por favor.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to accommodate)
a. hacer un favor
Youngsters are looking for cheap drugs and these criminals are only too happy to oblige.Hay jóvenes que buscan droga barata y estos delincuentes están muy dispuestos a hacerles el favor.
b. ayudar
Why don't you ask her for some tips? I'm sure she'd be willing to oblige.¿Por qué no le pides que te aconseje? Seguro que estará dispuesta a ayudar.
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