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Quick answer
"Oath" is a noun which is often translated as "el juramento", and "promise" is a noun which is often translated as "la promesa". Learn more about the difference between "oath" and "promise" below.
oath(
oth
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (promise)
a. el juramento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Our allies to the north broke their oath to help us.Nuestros aliados del norte rompieron su juramento de prestarnos ayuda.
2. (legal)
a. el juramento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was charged with perjury for lying under oath.Fue acusado de perjurio por mentir bajo juramento.
3.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(curse)
a. la blasfemia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(against God)
The peasant was sentenced to ten lashes for the oaths he uttered.El campesino fue condenado a diez latigazos por las blasfemias que pronunció.
b. el juramento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(against God)
A rock fell on his foot, and he let out a stream of oaths.Se le cayó una roca encima del pie, y soltó una sarta de juramentos.
c. la palabrota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She shouted all sorts of oaths at him when she learned of his betrayal.Le gritó toda suerte de palabrotas cuando supo de su traición.
d. la grosería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I will not permit you to speak such oaths without consequence.No permitiré que digas semejantes groserías sin consecuencias.
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promise(
pra
-
mihs
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (pledge)
a. la promesa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You're clearly unable to keep a promise.Está claro que eres incapaz de cumplir una promesa.
2. (potential)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
His early novels showed great promise.Sus primeras novelas prometían mucho.
The team didn't live up to their promise.El equipo no estuvo a la altura de las expectativas.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to pledge)
a. prometer
Promise me that you'll never go back there.Prométeme que nunca volverás allí.
4. (to show potential)
a. prometer
The campaign promises to be a tough one.La campaña promete ser muy reñida.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to pledge)
a. prometer
No, you can't have an ice cream now. - But you promised!No, ahora no puedes comerte un helado. - ¡Pero me lo prometiste!
b. jurar
I didn't do it. I promise.Te juro que no fui yo.
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