Quick answer
"Oath" is a noun which is often translated as "el juramento", and "pledge" is a noun which is often translated as "la promesa". Learn more about the difference between "oath" and "pledge" below.
oath(
oth
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (promise)
a. el juramento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Our allies to the north broke their oath to help us.Nuestros aliados del norte rompieron su juramento de prestarnos ayuda.
2. (legal)
a. el juramento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was charged with perjury for lying under oath.Fue acusado de perjurio por mentir bajo juramento.
3.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(curse)
a. la blasfemia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(against God)
The peasant was sentenced to ten lashes for the oaths he uttered.El campesino fue condenado a diez latigazos por las blasfemias que pronunció.
b. el juramento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(against God)
A rock fell on his foot, and he let out a stream of oaths.Se le cayó una roca encima del pie, y soltó una sarta de juramentos.
c. la palabrota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She shouted all sorts of oaths at him when she learned of his betrayal.Le gritó toda suerte de palabrotas cuando supo de su traición.
d. la grosería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I will not permit you to speak such oaths without consequence.No permitiré que digas semejantes groserías sin consecuencias.
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pledge(
plehj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (promise)
a. la promesa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I hope he fulfills the pledge he made.Espero que cumpla la promesa que me hizo.
b. el compromiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We made a pledge to work as a team.Hicimos el compromiso de trabajar en equipo.
2. (collateral)
a. la prenda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'll pick up my pledge when I get paid next month.Voy a recoger mi prenda cuando me paguen el próximo mes.
b. la garantía
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He left his house deed as a pledge for his credit.Dejó las escrituras de su casa como garantía por su crédito.
3. (token)
a. la señal
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
William gave Beth a ring as a pledge of his intention to marry her upon returning from his trip.William le entregó a Beth una sortija como señal de su intención de casarse con ella al volver de su viaje.
b. la prenda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The villagers gave the knights their horses as a pledge of their loyalty to the king.Los aldeanos les dieron a los caballeros sus cabalgaduras como prenda de su lealtad al rey.
4. (in a fraternity or sorority)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el aspirante
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la aspirante
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My sister is a pledge for the best sorority.Mi hermana es una aspirante a la mejor fraternidad.
5. (promised donation)
a. la promesa de donación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I made a pledge of $100 to the campaign.Hice una promesa de donación de $100 a la campaña.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to promise)
a. prometer
The investors pledged their support towards the project.Los inversores prometieron su apoyo al proyecto.
b. dar la palabra
Zayn pledged to uphold the Constitution in his new job as a police officer.Zayn dio la palabra de respetar la Constitución en su nuevo empleo de oficial de policía.
7. (to give as guarantee)
a. entregar como garantía
I pledged my driver's license at the library.Entregué como garantía mi licencia de manejo en la biblioteca.
b. dejar en prenda
I pledged my father's watch to get the money I needed.Dejé en prenda el reloj de mi padre para obtener el dinero que necesitaba.
8. (in a fraternity or sorority)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. aceptar como aspirante
The biggest fraternity pledged two of my friends.La fraternidad más grande aceptó como aspirantes a dos de mis amigos.
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