Quick answer
"Lumber" is a noun which is often translated as "la madera", and "timber" is a noun which is also often translated as "la madera". Learn more about the difference between "lumber" and "timber" below.
lumber
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (material)
a. la madera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We cut down trees for lumber to build a cabin in the woods.Talamos árboles para conseguir madera para construir una cabaña en el bosque.
b. los maderos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We could save the forests if we relied less on lumber.Podríamos salvar los bosques si dependiéramos menos de los maderos.
2. (junk)
a. los cachivaches
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need to park my car in the garage, so please move your lumber out of there.Tengo que estacionar mi carro en el garaje, así que por favor saca tus cachivaches de allí.
b. los trastos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
The spare room is full of lumber.El cuarto de invitados está lleno de trastos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to move awkwardly)
a. avanzar pesadamente
The gorilla lumbered towards the wall of its cage to see the visitors of the zoo.El gorila avanzó pesadamente hacia la pared de su jaula para ver a los visitantes del zoológico.
b. caminar pesadamente
The delivery man lumbered with a ton of packages.El repartidor caminó pesadamente con un montón de paquetes.
4. (to cut trees)
a. aserrar
I'm working as an apprentice to a lumberjack so I can learn to lumber.Estoy trabajando como aprendiz con un leñador para poder aprender a aserrar.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to cut trees)
a. talar
The lumberjacks lumbered half of the forest and sent the trees to the mill.Los leñadores talaron la mitad del bosque y enviaron los árboles al aserradero.
6. (to fill)
a. abarrotar
He lumbered his desk drawer with papers and we were unable to open it.Había abarrotado el cajón de su escritorio de papeles y no podíamos abrirlo.
7. (to burden) (United Kingdom)
a. cargar
I was lumbered with the unfortunate task of telling Maria that her dog had died.Me cargaron con la desgraciada tarea de decirle a María que su perro había muerto.
b. endilgar
My sister went away on a business trip this weekend, so she lumbered me with her pets.Mi hermana se fue de viaje de negocios este fin de semana, así que me endilgó a sus mascotas.
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timber(
tihm
-
buhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (material)
a. la madera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
All the timber we sell is from sustainable forests.Toda la madera que vendemos viene de bosques sustentables.
2. (botany)
a. los árboles
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Most of the timber has been felled by illegal loggers.La mayoría de los árboles ha sido talada por leñadores ilegales.
b. los árboles madereros
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The government is seeking investors for a new area of tropical timber plantations.El gobierno busca inversores para una nueva zona de plantaciones de árboles madereros tropicales.
3. (construction)
a. la viga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We want to keep the original 16th-century timbers in the ceilings of the house.Queremos conservar las vigas originales del siglo XVI en los techos de la casa.
b. el madero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Workmen were winching up the timbers for the roof.Los trabajadores estaban subiendo con cabrestante los maderos para el techo.
c. la cuaderna
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(nautical)
The timbers were held in place with wooden pegs, which swelled when immersed in water.Las cuadernas se sujetaban con trozos de madera, que se hinchaban al ser sumergidos en el agua.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (made of timber)
a. de madera
The house has a timber frame with stone cladding.La casa tiene un armazón de madera revestido de piedra.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
5. (used to warn)
a. árbol va
The lumberjack shouted "Timber!", then there was an almighty crash.El leñador gritó "¡Árbol va!", luego se oyó un estrépito tremendo.
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