Quick answer
"Look over" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "echar un vistazo a", and "examine" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "examinar". Learn more about the difference between "look over" and "examine" below.
look over
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to examine)
a. echar un vistazo a
Could you look this letter over for me before I send it?¿Me podrías echar un vistazo a esta carta antes de que la envíe?
b. inspeccionar
I'm sending you a copy of the contract, which I advise you to look over carefully.Te estoy enviando una copia del contrato, y te aconsejo inspeccionarlo detenidamente.
2. (to read quickly)
a. repasar
When I looked over what I'd already written, I realized I hadn't done enough research.Cuando repasé lo que ya había escrito, me di cuenta que no había investigado el asunto suficientemente.
3. (to make a tour of)
a. visitar
We're going to look over a couple of houses we're thinking of buying.Vamos a visitar un par de casas que pensamos comprar.
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examine(
ehg
-
zah
-
mihn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to seek to understand)
a. examinar
My dissertation examines the relationship between chocolate consumption and happiness.Mi disertación examina la relación entre el consumo de chocolate y la felicidad.
b. investigar
We are examining how the completion of a high school diploma impacts income.Estamos investigando como la obtención de un diploma de bachillerato afecta los ingresos.
c. estudiar
The students will be examining the role of sexuality in 19th century poetry.Los estudiantes estarán estudiando el papel de la sexualidad en la poesía del siglo XIX.
2. (to scrutinize)
a. inspeccionar
After examining the contract more closely, Oscar decided not to sign it.Después de inspeccionar el contrato más a fondo, Óscar decidió no firmarlo.
b. registrar (baggage)
The customs official examined Brendan's suitcase and found several items that he hadn't declared.El aduanero registró la maleta de Brendan y encontró varios artículos que no había declarado.
c. interrogar (witness or suspect)
Upon examining the witness, the prosecutor noticed change since her previous statement.Al interrogar a la testigo, la fiscal notó cambios con respecto a su declaración anterior.
d. revisar
Please examine the package carefully to make sure there are no missing parts.Por favor, revise cuidadosamente el paquete para asegurarse que no falte ninguna pieza.
e. examinar
You need to examine all the details of the deed to the house before signing it.Tienes que examinar todos los detalles de las escrituras de la casa antes de firmar.
3. (medicine)
a. examinar
I'm going to examine you now to see if you have any moles that look problematic.Voy a examinarlo ahora para ver si tiene algún lunar que parezca problemático.
b. revisar
The doctor examined Rodrigo's ears and found a large buildup of wax.La doctora le examinó los oídos a Rodrigo y encontró una gran acumulación de cera.
4. (education)
a. examinar
The professor examined the students on their proficiency with a microscope.La profesora examinó a los estudiantes sobre su habilidad en usar un microscopio.
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