Quick answer
"Litter" is a noun which is often translated as "la basura", and "strew" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "esparcir". Learn more about the difference between "litter" and "strew" below.
litter(
lih
-
duhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (trash)
a. la basura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He had to pick up litter on the side of the highway as a punishment for painting graffiti on the church.Tuvo que recoger basura del costado de la autopista como castigo por pintar grafitis en la iglesia.
2. (zoology)
a. la camada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There were eight kittens in the litter.Había ocho gatitos en la camada.
b. la cría
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The dog's litter was playing in the yard while she rested.La cría de la perra estaba jugando en el jardín mientras ella descansaba.
3. (bedding for animals)
a. el lecho de paja
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I found the cow lying in the litter.Encontré la vaca acostada en el lecho de paja.
4. (material for cat's waste)
a. la arena
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I think it's about time to change the cat's litter because it reeks.Creo que ya toca cambiar la arena del gato porque apesta.
5.
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
(vehicle)
a. la litera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The emperor's litter arrived, and his servants lowered it the ground.La litera del emperador llegó y sus sirvientes la depositaron en el suelo.
6. (medicine)
a. la camilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The nurses carried the wounded soldiers into the tent on litters.Las enfermeras cargaron a los soldados heridos en camillas a la tienda.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to pollute)
a. tirar basura en
The fans littered the streets after the team's victory.Los hinchas tiraron basura en las calles después de la victoria del equipo.
8. (to make disorganized)
a. esparcir por
As soon as he arrived, he opened his suitcase and littered the room with his clothes.En cuanto llegó, abrió la valija y esparció su ropa por toda la habitación.
b. llenar de
When I got back home, the children had littered the living room floor with toys.Cuando regresé a casa, los niños habían llenado el suelo de la sala de estar de juguetes.
9. (to provide with bedding)
a. hacer un lecho para
We littered the baby raccoon we found in the woods.Hicimos un lecho para el mapachito que encontramos en el bosque.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (to pollute)
a. tirar basura
Max had to pay a fine because he littered in the park.Max tuvo que pagar una multa porque tiró basura en el parque.
11. (zoology)
a. parir
We finally found the cat, and she had littered underneath the barn.Por fin encontramos a la gata y había parido debajo del granero.
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strew
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to scatter; often used in the passive)
a. esparcir
The previous owners had strewn all kinds of junk on the floor of the apartment.Los propietarios anteriores habían esparcido todo tipo de porquerías en el suelo del apartamento.
b. desparramar
It looked as if Paula had strewn her toys all around the living room.Parecía que Paula había desparramado sus juguetes por toda la sala.
2. (to cover; often used in the passive)
a. cubrir
The workshop was strewn with scrap lumber and sawdust.El taller estaba cubierto de restos de madera y aserrín.
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