Quick answer
"Lighting" is a noun which is often translated as "la iluminación", and "costume" is a noun which is often translated as "el disfraz". Learn more about the difference between "lighting" and "costume" below.
lighting(
lay
-
dihng
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (act of lighting)
a. la iluminación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lighting of the Christmas Tree will take place at 5 pm.La iluminación del árbol de Navidad se realizará a las 5 pm.
b. el encendido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rain is going to make the lighting of any cigarette with a match impossible.La lluvia va a imposibilitar el encendido de cigarrillos con cerillas.
2. (system for illuminating)
a. el alumbrado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I have to strain my eyes to read out here, because the lighting is so terrible.Tengo que forzar los ojos para leer aquí fuera porque el alumbrado es terrible.
b. la iluminación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lighting director got into trouble when he forgot to turn on the spotlight.El director de iluminación se metió en un lío cuando se olvidó de encender el foco.
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costume(
ka
-
stum
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (clothing)
a. el disfraz
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What costume will you wear on Halloween?¿Qué disfraz te pondrás en Halloween?
Your costume is awesome! Did you make it yourself?¡Tu disfraz es lo máximo! ¿Lo hiciste tú?
b. el traje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(typical clothing)
The beauty contestants all came out in their national costumes.Todas las concursantes de belleza salieron en sus trajes nacionales.
2. (theater)
a. el vestuario
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm in charge of designing the costumes for the play.Soy el encargado de diseñar el vestuario para la obra.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to dress)
a. vestir
One of the attractions of the show is the way celebrities are exuberantly costumed.Uno de los atractivos del espectáculo es la exuberancia con que van vestidas las celebridades.
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