Quick answer
"Lien" is a noun which is often translated as "el derecho de retención", and "pledge" is a noun which is often translated as "la promesa". Learn more about the difference between "lien" and "pledge" below.
lien(
li
-
uhn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (legal claim of another's property)
a. el derecho de retención
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The carrier has filed for a possessory lien for unpaid freight.El transportista ha entablado un derecho de retención por carga impagada.
b. el gravamen
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The bank will have a lien on my house until I repay my loans.El banco tendrá un gravamen sobre mi casa hasta que yo pague mis préstamos.
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pledge(
plehj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (promise)
a. la promesa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I hope he fulfills the pledge he made.Espero que cumpla la promesa que me hizo.
b. el compromiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We made a pledge to work as a team.Hicimos el compromiso de trabajar en equipo.
2. (collateral)
a. la prenda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'll pick up my pledge when I get paid next month.Voy a recoger mi prenda cuando me paguen el próximo mes.
b. la garantía
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He left his house deed as a pledge for his credit.Dejó las escrituras de su casa como garantía por su crédito.
3. (token)
a. la señal
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
William gave Beth a ring as a pledge of his intention to marry her upon returning from his trip.William le entregó a Beth una sortija como señal de su intención de casarse con ella al volver de su viaje.
b. la prenda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The villagers gave the knights their horses as a pledge of their loyalty to the king.Los aldeanos les dieron a los caballeros sus cabalgaduras como prenda de su lealtad al rey.
4. (in a fraternity or sorority)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el aspirante
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la aspirante
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My sister is a pledge for the best sorority.Mi hermana es una aspirante a la mejor fraternidad.
5. (promised donation)
a. la promesa de donación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I made a pledge of $100 to the campaign.Hice una promesa de donación de $100 a la campaña.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to promise)
a. prometer
The investors pledged their support towards the project.Los inversores prometieron su apoyo al proyecto.
b. dar la palabra
Zayn pledged to uphold the Constitution in his new job as a police officer.Zayn dio la palabra de respetar la Constitución en su nuevo empleo de oficial de policía.
7. (to give as guarantee)
a. entregar como garantía
I pledged my driver's license at the library.Entregué como garantía mi licencia de manejo en la biblioteca.
b. dejar en prenda
I pledged my father's watch to get the money I needed.Dejé en prenda el reloj de mi padre para obtener el dinero que necesitaba.
8. (in a fraternity or sorority)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. aceptar como aspirante
The biggest fraternity pledged two of my friends.La fraternidad más grande aceptó como aspirantes a dos de mis amigos.
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