Quick answer
"Less" is an adverb which is often translated as "menos", and "equal to" is a preposition which is often translated as "igual a". Learn more about the difference between "less" and "equal to" below.
less(
lehs
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (to indicate a smaller amount)
a. menos
Your neighbor's dog has less hair than yours.El perro de tu vecino tiene menos pelo que el tuyo.
2. (to a lesser degree)
a. menos
Don't think less of me for acting that way.No pienses menos de mi por actuar de esa manera.
3. (mathematics)
a. menos
Ten less seven is three.Diez menos siete son tres.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
4. (fewer)
a. menos
I have less than thirty dollars.Tengo menos de treinta dólares.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
5. (to indicate a subtraction)
a. menos
The total comes to $200, less the discount.El total sale en $200, menos el descuento.
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equal to
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to express sameness)
a. igual a
His singing ability is equal to mine.Su capacidad para cantar es igual a la mía.
b. lo mismo que
20 Mexican pesos is equal to one American dollar.20 pesos mexicanos son lo mismo que un dólar americano.
2. (indicating preparation)
a. capaz de
You won't be equal to the task if you don't believe in yourself.No serás capaz de cumplir la tarea si no tienes confianza en ti mismo.
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