Quick answer
"Less than" is a phrase which is often translated as "menos que", and "equal to" is a preposition which is often translated as "igual a". Learn more about the difference between "less than" and "equal to" below.
less than(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (comparison)
a. menos que
She is skinnier than her brother, because she eats less than he does.Ella es más flaca que su hermano, porque ella come menos que él.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
a. menos de (with numbers)
Don't worry. I will arrive in less than ten minutes.No te preocupes. Llegaré en menos de diez minutos.
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equal to
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to express sameness)
a. igual a
His singing ability is equal to mine.Su capacidad para cantar es igual a la mía.
b. lo mismo que
20 Mexican pesos is equal to one American dollar.20 pesos mexicanos son lo mismo que un dólar americano.
2. (indicating preparation)
a. capaz de
You won't be equal to the task if you don't believe in yourself.No serás capaz de cumplir la tarea si no tienes confianza en ti mismo.
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