Quick answer
"Lend" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "prestar", and "borrow" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "pedir prestado". Learn more about the difference between "lend" and "borrow" below.
lend(
lehnd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to loan)
a. prestar
I will lend you some money to buy your ticket, but I'll need it back tomorrow.Te prestaré dinero para que te compres un billete, pero lo necesitaré de vuelta mañana.
b. dejar
Could you lend me a pencil? I left mine at home.¿Podrías dejarme un lápiz? Olvidé el mío en casa.
2. (to give)
a. conferir
The dark pastels lend a gloomy feel to the overall painting.Los pasteles oscuros le confieren un ambiente decaído a la pintura.
3. (to allow)
a. prestarse
The police doesn't lend itself to any form of corruption.La policía no se presta a ningún tipo de corrupción.
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borrow(
ba
-
ro
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to use temporarily)
a. pedir prestado
You can always borrow your father's car.Siempre le puedes pedir prestado el coche a tu padre.
b. prestar
Could I borrow your vacuum cleaner for a couple of hours? Mine is broken.¿Me prestas la aspiradora un par de horas? La mía está estropeada.
c. dejar
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
May I borrow your yellow sweater? I promise it's the last time.¿Me dejas tu jersey amarillo? Te prometo que es la última vez.
2. (to take from the library)
a. sacar prestado
I borrowed four books from the library but have only had time to read two.Saqué cuatro libros prestados de la biblioteca pero solo he tenido tiempo de leer dos.
3. (to incorporate into a language)
a. tomar prestado
Spanish borrowed quite a few words from Arabic.El español tomó prestadas unas cuantas palabras del árabe.
4. (to use as one's own)
a. apropiarse de
Of course it wasn't his idea, he rather borrowed it from someone else.Por supuesto, no fue idea suya, sino que se apropió de la de otro.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to take out a loan)
a. pedir un préstamo
We are going to borrow in order to buy a house.Vamos a pedir un préstamo para comprar una casa.
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