Quick answer
"Leave" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "irse de", and "give up" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "dejar". Learn more about the difference between "leave" and "give up" below.
leave(
liv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to depart from)
a. irse de
She left the house, slamming the door behind her.Se fue de la casa dando un portazo.
b. marcharse de
He left the party in a huff.Se marchó enojado de la fiesta.
c. salir de
The parents asked the child to leave the room so that they could speak privately.Los padres le pidieron al niño que saliera del cuarto para que pudieran hablar en privado.
d. partir de
The ship left the port at dawn.El navío partió del puerto al amanecer.
2. (to abandon)
a. dejar
He left everything to join the army.Lo dejó todo para unirse al ejército.
b. abandonar
They say she left her husband for a younger man.Dicen que abandonó a su esposo por un hombre más joven.
3. (to put)
a. dejar
I don't know where I left my keys.No sé dónde dejé las llaves.
4. (to allow to remain)
a. dejar
Do you want me to leave the door open, or should I close it?¿Quieres que deje abierta la puerta, o la cierro?
5. (to forget)
a. dejar
I think I left my umbrella in the taxi.Creo que dejé mi paraguas en el taxi.
6. (to bequeath)
a. dejar
My grandfather left me five thousand dollars when he died.Mi abuelo me dejó cinco mil dólares cuando murió.
b. legar
Alicia's grandmother left her an apartment in the city.La abuela de Alicia le legó un apartamento en la ciudad.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to depart)
a. salir
My flight leaves from O'Hare airport.Mi vuelo sale del aeropuerto O'Hare.
b. partir
What port did the ship leave from?¿De qué puerto partió el barco?
8. (to go away)
a. irse
He wasn't feeling well at the office, so he left.Él no se sentía bien en la oficina, así que se fue.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
9. (permission to be absent)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I am on leave from September 7th to September 15th.Estoy de permiso desde el 7 hasta el 15 de septiembre.
10. (permission)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With your leave, I'll take a few soldiers and engage the raiding parties.Con su permiso, tomaré unos cuantos soldados y enfrentaré a los asaltantes.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
give up(
gihv
 
uhp
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to renounce)
a. dejar (a habit or activity)
I'm trying to give up smoking.Estoy intentando dejar de fumar.
b. renunciar a (a job or a religion)
I had to give up my job to care for my mother.Tuve que renunciar a mi trabajo para cuidar a mi madre.
c. abandonar (an idea, studies, a fight)
She gave up university in the second year.Abandonó la carrera en el segundo año.
2. (to relinquish)
a. ceder
He gave up his seat to a lady with two young children.Cedió el asiento a una señora con dos niños pequeños.
3. (to hand over)
a. entregar
He gave his accomplices up to the authorities.Entregó sus cómplices a las autoridades.
4. (to surrender)
a. entregarse
The man later gave himself up to the police.Más tarde el hombre se entregó a la policía.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
5. (to quit)
a. rendirse
He gave up without a fight.Se rindió sin luchar.
b. darse por vencido
To succeed, you have to keep going and never give up.Para triunfar, tienes que seguir adelante y nunca darte por vencido.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.  |  Ver en español
SOCIAL NETWORKS
APPS