Quick answer
"Learn" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "aprender", and "pretend" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "fingir". Learn more about the difference between "learn" and "pretend" below.
learn(
luhrn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to acquire knowledge of)
a. aprender
My children are learning different animal names.Mis hijos están aprendiendo los diferentes nombres de los animales.
2. (to find out)
a. enterarse de
When she learned that it was her friend who was spreading the rumors, she couldn't believe it.Cuando se enteró que era su amiga la que estaba contando los rumores, no lo podía creer.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to acquire knowledge)
a. aprender
Nobody can force you to learn; you have to want to do it yourself.Nadie puede obligarte a aprender; tienes que querer hacerlo tú mismo.
4. (to find out)
a. enterarse de
The company didn't learn about the incident until it was contacted by the police.La compañía no se enteró del incidente hasta que la policía se puso en contacto con ellos.
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pretend(
pruh
-
tehnd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to feign)
a. fingir
When we were kids, my sister and I always pretended to be pirates.Cuando éramos niños, mi hermana y yo siempre fingíamos que éramos piratas.
b. simular
Children can have fun pretending to be doctors or firefighters.Los niños pueden divertirse simulando que son doctores o bomberos.
2. (to claim)
a. pretender
He pretends to have done lots of research for his thesis.Pretende haber hecho mucha investigación para su tesis.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to feign)
a. fingir
Since I came out of the closet, I don't have to pretend anymore.Desde que salí del armario, ya no tengo que fingir.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not real)
a. de mentira
When I was five years old, I had pretend tea parties with my dolls.Cuando tenía cinco años, hacía meriendas de mentira con mis muñecas.
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