Quick answer
"Learn" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "aprender", and "know" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "saber". Learn more about the difference between "learn" and "know" below.
learn(
luhrn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to acquire knowledge of)
a. aprender
My children are learning different animal names.Mis hijos están aprendiendo los diferentes nombres de los animales.
2. (to find out)
a. enterarse de
When she learned that it was her friend who was spreading the rumors, she couldn't believe it.Cuando se enteró que era su amiga la que estaba contando los rumores, no lo podía creer.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to acquire knowledge)
a. aprender
Nobody can force you to learn; you have to want to do it yourself.Nadie puede obligarte a aprender; tienes que querer hacerlo tú mismo.
4. (to find out)
a. enterarse de
The company didn't learn about the incident until it was contacted by the police.La compañía no se enteró del incidente hasta que la policía se puso en contacto con ellos.
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know(
no
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to possess knowledge of or skills in)
a. saber
Do you know when the next bus is leaving?¿Sabes a qué hora sale el próximo autobús?
He knows French, Spanish, and German.Sabe francés, español y alemán.
2. (to be acquainted with)
a. conocer
I know her from school, but we're not really friends.La conozco de la escuela, pero realmente no somos amigos.
3. (to understand)
a. entender
I don't know how you can treat her like that.No entiendo cómo puedes tratarla así.
4. (to recognize)
a. reconocer
I knew him just by hearing his voice.Lo reconocí tan solo de escuchar su voz.
5. (to be certain of)
a. saber
I don't know if you should walk home so late.No sé si deberías caminar sola a tu casa a esta hora.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to possess knowledge)
a. saber
Is today Tuesday? - I don't know.¿Hoy es martes? - No lo sé.
7. (to be certain)
a. saber
Did I leave the keys on the table? - I don't know.¿Dejé las llaves sobre la mesa? - No sé.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to have memorized)
a. saberse
Do you know the alphabet yet?¿Ya te sabes el abecedario?
He knows a lot about the American Civil War.Se sabe mucho de la guerra civil estadounidense.
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